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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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FYI: CogPrints, Grants, CogSci Summer School


Author: Stevan Harnad

FYI Body: CogPrints Author Archive

To all biobehavioral, neural and cognitive scientists:

You are invited to archive all your preprints and reprints in the
CogPrints electronic archive: http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk

There have been some very important developments in the area of
Web archiving of scientific papers in recently. Please see:

Science:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/science.html
Nature:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/nature.html
American Scientist:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/amlet.html
Chronicle of Higher Education:
http://www.chronicle.com/free/v45/i04/04a02901.htm

The CogPrints Archive covers all the Cognitive Sciences:
Psychology, Neuroscience, Biology, Computer Science, Linguistics and
Philosophy

CogPrints is completely free for everyone, both authors and readers,
thanks to a subsidy from the Electronic Libraries Programme of the
Joint Information Systems of the United Kingdom and the collaboration
of the NSF/DOE-supported Physics Eprint Archive at Los Alamos.

CogPrints has recently been opened for public automatic archiving. This
means authors can now deposit their own papers automatically. The firs
wave of papers had been invited and hand-archived by CogPrints in order
to set a model of the form and content of CogPrints.

To see the current holdings:

http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/

To archive your own papers automatically:

http://cogprints.soton.ac.uk/author.html

All authors are encouraged to archive their papers on their home
servers as well.

For further information: admin@coglit.soton.ac.uk

- ------------------------------------------------------------------

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

(No need to read if you wish to proceed directly to the Archive.)

The objective of CogPrints is to emulate in the cognitive, beural and
biobehavioral sciences the remarkable success of the NSF/DOE-subsidised
Physics Eprint Archive at Los Alamos

http://xxx.lanl.gov (US)
http://xxx.soton.ac.uk (UK)

The Physics Eprint Archive now makes available, free for all, well over
half of the annual physics periodical literature, with its annual
growth strongly suggesting that it will not be long before it becomes
the locus classicus for all of the literature in Physics. 25,000 new
papers are being deposited annually and there are over 35,000 users
daily and 15 mirror sites worldwide.
(Daily statistics: http://xxx.lanl.gov/cgi-bin/todays_stats)

What this means is that anyone in the world with access to the Interne
(and that number too is rising at a breath-taking rate, and already
includes all academics, researchers and students in the West, and an
increasing proportion in the Third World as well) can now search and
retrieve virtually all current work in, for example, High Energy
Physics, much of it retroactive to 1990 when the Physics archive was
founded by Paul Ginsparg, who must certainly be credited by historians
with having launched this revolution in scientific and scholarly
publication (www-admin@xxx.lanl.gov).

Does this mean that learned journals will disappear? Not at all. They
will continue to play their traditional role of validating research
through peer review, but this function will be an "overlay" on the
electronic archives. The literature that is still in the form of
unrefereed preprints and technical reports will be classified as such,
to distinguish it from the refereed literature, which will be tagged
with the imprimatur of the journal that refereed and accepted it for
publication, as it always has been.

It will no longer be necessary for publishers to recover (and research
libraries to pay) the substantial costs of producing and distributing
paper through ever-higher library subscription prices: Instead, it will
be the beneficiaries of the global, unimpeded access to the learned
research literature -- the funders of the research and the employers of
the researcher -- who will cover the much reduced costs of implementing
peer review, editing, and archiving in the electronic medium alone, in
the form of minimal page-charges, in exchange for instant, permanent,
worldwide access to the research literature for all, for free.

If this arrangement strikes you as anomalous, consider that the real
anomaly was that the authors of the scientific and scholarly periodical
research literature, who, unlike trade authors, never got (or expected)
royalties for the sale of their texts -- on the contrary, so importan
was it to them that their work should reach all potentially interested
fellow-researchers that they had long been willing to pay for the
printing and mailing of preprints and reprints to those who requested
them -- nevertheless had to consent to have access to their work
restricted to those who paid for it. This Faustian bargain was
unavoidable in the Gutenberg age, because of the need to recover the
high cost of producing and disseminating print on paper, but Paul
Ginsparg has shown the way to launch the entire learned periodical
literature into the PostGutenberg Galaxy, in which scientists and
scholars can publish their work in the form of "skywriting": visible
and available for free to all.

- ------------------------------------------------------------------
Stevan Harnad harnad@cogsci.soton.ac.uk
Professor of Psychology harnad@princeton.edu
Director, phone: +44 1703 592582
Cognitive Sciences Centre fax: +44 1703 594597

Department of Psychology http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/
University of Southampton http://www.princeton.edu/~harnad/
Highfield, Southampton ftp://ftp.princeton.edu/pub/harnad/
SO17 1BJ UNITED KINGDOM ftp://cogsci.soton.ac.uk/pub/harnad/


See:

Science:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/science.html
Nature:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/nature.html
American Scientist:
http://www.cogsci.soton.ac.uk/~harnad/amlet.html
Chronicle of Higher Education:
http://www.chronicle.com/free/v45/i04/04a02901.htm




The Language Learning Small Grants Research Program provides research
support of up to $10,000, in direct cost only, for new research
projects relevant to the field of the language sciences. No overhead or
indirect cost by the applicant's institution can be approved.


ELIGIBILITY

Applications for research grants may be submitted by any public or
private academic institution, worldwide, such as a university or
college.


RESEARCH OBJECTIVES

The grant program provides limited and relatively rapid financial
support, on a competitive basis, for research in the language sciences.
Funding decisions will be based on scientific merit as determined by
peer review, with priority given to applications in any of the following
categories:

1, newer, less experienced investigators
2, more experienced investigators, for testing new
methodologies or techniques
3, research leading to larger projects with a view of
submission of grant application to major funding
agencies


APPLICATION PROCEDURES

Applications are submitted once a year on the Language Learning gran
application form (available upon request from the offices of the
journal) to the office of the Executive Director. Deadline for
submission of applications is December 1. Awards are made by April 1 of
the ensuing year. The narrative portion of the grant application,
limited to ten pages only, should include precise dates for the
different phases of the proposed project. The P.I. is expected to render
an interim report six months after the beginning of the project and a
final report three months after its completion.


REVIEW CONSIDERATIONS

Applications will be evaluated for scientific and technical merit by an
appropriate peer review group and assigned a score . All applications
will receive a written critique.

Review criteria

When reviewing applications for scientific merit, the reviewers will
consider the following criteria:

1, innovativeness/significance of the research idea; creativity of the
approach; potential for further research
2, qualifications of the principal investigator and other staff
3, appropriateness of the proposed approach; i.e. the research design,
methods and analyses
4, appropriateness of the budget for the tasks proposed


AWARD CRITERIA

Recommendations of the peer review group are referred to the Board of
Directors of Language Learning for decision on funding. Criteria for
funding of applications include the scientific merit of the application,
relevance to the language sciences and availability of funds in any
given year. Applications with high a score that because of
unavailability of funds are not funded in a given year can be
resubmitted in the following year.


APPLICATIONS SHOULD BE ADDRESSED TO:

*Language Learning Small Grants Research Program*
Language Learning Office
183 Frieze Building
University of Michigan
Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1285
USA


FOR E-MAIL CONTACT:
language.learning@umich.edu





6th International Summer School
in
Cognitive Science
Sofia, New Bulgarian University
July 12 - 31, 1999


International Advisory Board

Elizabeth BATES (University of California at San Diego, USA)
Amedeo CAPPELLI (CNR, Pisa, Italy)
Cristiano CASTELFRANCHI (CNR, Roma, Italy)
Daniel DENNETT (Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA)
Ennio De RENZI (University of Modena, Italy)
Charles DE WEERT (University of Nijmegen, Holland )
Christian FREKSA (Hamburg University, Germany)
Dedre GENTNER (Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, USA)
Christopher HABEL (Hamburg University, Germany)
William HIRST (New School for Social Sciences, NY, USA)
Joachim HOHNSBEIN (Dortmund University, Germany)
Douglas HOFSTADTER (Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA)
Keith HOLYOAK (University of California at Los Angeles, USA)
Mark KEANE (Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland)
Alan LESGOLD (University of Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, USA)
Willem LEVELT (Max-Plank Institute of Psycholinguistics, Nijmegen, Holland)
David RUMELHART (Stanford University, California, USA)
Richard SHIFFRIN (Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA)
Paul SMOLENSKY (University of Colorado, Boulder, USA)
Chris THORNTON (University of Sussex, Brighton, England)
Carlo UMILTA' (University of Padova, Italy)
Eran ZAIDEL (University of California at Los Angeles, USA)


Courses

Each participant will enroll in 6 of the 10 courses offered thus attending
4 hours classes per day plus 2 hours tutorials in small groups plus
individual studies and participation in symposia.

Brain and Language: New Approaches to Evolution and Developmet (Elizabeth
Bates, Univ. of California at San Diego, USA)
Child Language Acquisition (Michael Tomasello, MPI for Evolutionary
Anthropology, Germany)
Culture and Cognition (Roy D'Andrade, Univ. of California at San Diego, USA)
Understanding Social Dependence and Cooperation (Cristiano Castelfranchi,
CNR, Italy)
Models of Human Memory (Richard Shiffrin, Indiana University, USA)
Categorization and Inductive Reasoning: Psychological and Computational
Approaches (Evan Heit, Univ. of Warwick, UK)
Understanding Human Thinking (Boicho Kokinov, New Bulgarian University)
Perception-Based Spatial Reasoning (Reinhard Moratz, Hamburg University,
Germany)
Perception (Naum Yakimoff, New Bulgarian University)
Applying Cognitive Science to Instruction (John Hayes, Carnegie-Mellon
University, USA)

In addition there will be seminars, working groups, project work, discussions.

Participation

Participants will be selected by a Selection Committee on the bases of
their submitted documents:

application form,
CV,
statement of purpose,
copy of diploma; if student - academic transcrip
letter of recommendation,
list of publications (if any) and short summary of up to three of them.

For participants from Central and Eastern Europe as well as from the former
Soviet Union there are scholarships available (provided by Soros' Open
Society Institute). They cover tuition, travel, and living expenses.

Deadline for application: April 15th
Notification of acceptance: April 30th.

Apply as soon as possible since the number of participants is restricted.

For more information contact:
Summer School in Cognitive Science
Central and East European Center for Cognitive Science
New Bulgarian University
21, Montevideo Str.
Sofia 1635, Bulgaria
Tel. (+3592) 957-1876
Fax: (+3592) 558262
e-mail: school@cogs.nbu.acad.bg
Web page: http://www.nbu.acad.bg/staff/cogs/events/ss99.html


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