"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more
Project Announcement for "TalkBank: A Multimodal Database of Communicative Interaction"
The goal of TalkBank is to create a distributed, web-based data archiving system for transcribed video and audio data on communicative interactions. TalkBank builds on our experience with CHILDES and LDC corpora, and is expected to be a major new tool for the social sciences. TalkBank data will be stored in an XML-based transcription framework incorporating richly structured, time-aligned annotations.
For detailed information, please consult: CMU - http://childes.psy.cmu.edu/talkbank.html Penn - http://www.ldc.upenn.edu/annotation/talkbank.html
We believe that TalkBank will benefit four types of research enterprises:
Cross-corpora comparisons. For those interested in quantitative analyses of large corpora, TalkBank will provide direct access to enormous amounts of real-life data, subject to strict controls designed to protect confidentiality.
Folios. Other researchers wish to focus on qualitative analyses involving the collection of a carefully sampled folio or casebook of evidence regarding specific fine-grained interactional patterns. TalkBank programs will facilitate the construction of these folios.
Single corpus studies. For those interested in analyzing their own datasets rather than the larger database, TalkBank will provide a rich set of open-source tools for transcription, alignment, coding, and analysis of audio and video data.
Collaborative commentary. For researchers interested in contrasting theoretical frameworks, TalkBank will provide support for entering competing systems of annotations and analytic profiles either locally or over the Internet.
The creation of this distributed database with its related analysis tools will free researchers from many tedious aspects of data analysis and will stimulate fundamental improvements in the study of communicative interactions. The initiative unites ongoing efforts from the Linguistic Data Consortium (LDC) at Penn, the Penn Database Group, the Informedia Project at CMU, and the CHILDES Project a CMU. The initiative also establishes an ongoing interaction between computer scientists, linguists, psychologists, sociologists, political scientists, criminologists, educators, ethologists, cinematographers, psychiatrists, and anthropologists.
A variety of funding possibilities are being sought for TalkBank, and we have recently received a commitment of support from NSF for initial planning meetings. We are also using the initiative to foster wide-ranging cooperation between ongoing research efforts. The TalkBank homepage [ http://www.ldc.upenn.edu/annotation/talkbank.html ] lists curren participants and has a pointer to a document giving a detailed exposition of our vision for TalkBank.
We invite anyone who is interested in participating actively in TalkBank or even in just providing suggestions and criticism to contact one or more of us:
Brian MacWhinney (Psychology, CMU) Howard Wactlar (Computer Science, CMU) Peter Buneman (Computer Science, U Penn) Mark Liberman (Linguistic Data Consortium, U Penn) Steven Bird (Linguistic Data Consortium, U Penn)
I've had a number of requests for details of how to get WordPerfect to do automatic example numbering and cross-referencing for you, so I thought it would be worth posting them to the list.
Renumbering in WordPerfect using the Endnote function
In brief, the technique involves creating an (effectively) empty Endnote where you want your example number to be. The Endnote Number is set to appear non-supersripted, in brackets, followed by a tab, as required. To do this, you set up Endnote Options to give your Endnote in text the format open-bracket, Endnote-number, close-bracket, tab (make sure you cancel the Superscript). As you're happily writing away, and want to include an example, do a couple of carriage returns to get to the left margin clear of the preceding text, then create an Endnote. Exit the Endnote text without entering any text. You should now be back in your original document with the example number flush left, and the cursor shifted one tab stop to the right, just where you need to be to type in the example. You can also use a./b. sub-indents in you need to. When you need to refer to your example, type () at the relevant point in your text, i.e., "as shown in (), NP movement is a local phenomenon". Then, return the cursor to between the brackets and insert a code for Cross-Reference to an Endnote. You'll be asked to enter a code for the reference. You'll need one of these for each element (page, section, example, etc.) you cross-refer to, so they have to be unique. (If you accidentally use the same code twice, your cross-references will go haywire.) The way I avoid accidentally using the same code twice it to make my codes refer to a time and date. So, a cross-reference created at 3.15pm on 24 May 1999 is coded 1515240599. The codes are long, I know, but it's better to be safe than sorry. If you need to cross-refer more than once to the same example, you can either cut and paste from an existing cross-reference, or, like if you can't find the original cross-reference, you can go the the actual element and find its code (using Reveal Codes), and then enter this directly when you re-cross-refer. Example renumbering is automatic, just like Endnote/Footnote renumbering; cross-referencing works in the usual way, too. You have to do a Generate to update them, though.
I used this method in WordPerfect 5.1 for DOS for my dissertation and WordPerfect 7 for Windows for the OUP book I did camera-ready copy for, and it worked a treat both times.
Dr Paul Rowlett, Head of French School of Languages, University of Salford Salford M5 4WT, Greater Manchester, United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0) 161 295 4131 Fax: +44 (0) 161 295 5335
MESSAGE TO ALL SUBSCRIBERS TO THE _JOURNAL OF HISPANIC RESEARCH_ FROM THE EDITORS:
The _Journal of Hispanic Research_ is edited by the Department of Hispanic Studies at Queen Mary and Westfield College, University of London, and has been published by Impart Publishing Limited.
Volume 3 (1995-96) of the Journal appeared in 1996. No issue appeared in either 1997 or 1998. Volume 4 (Nos 1-2) was printed in February 1999.
Unfortunately we are unable to contact subscribers directly to explain this unsatisfactory state of affairs, because Impart Publishing will not allow us access to the subscription list. The editors appeal to all subscribers; please contact us for more information and for the new registered address of the publisher.
If you are a subscriber to _JHR_, please reply privately to this message by typing in your title, name, and full postal address.
Please also forward this message to any subscriber you know and, if you know or think that your institution's library subscribes, please forward it to the relevant librarian.
For: The Editors of the _Journal of Hispanic Research_.
Ralph Penny School of Modern Languages Department of Hispanic Studies Queen Mary and Westfield College Mile End Road London E1 4NS.