The LINGUIST List is dedicated to providing information on language and language analysis, and to providing the discipline of linguistics with the infrastructure necessary to function in the digital world. LINGUIST is a free resource, run by linguistics students and faculty, and supported by your donations. Please support LINGUIST List during the 2017 Fund Drive.
Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Loss of case and declined grammar in mainland Scandinavian grammar|
|Question:||What has bugged me for a long time, is not being able to understand what exactly changes certain parts of grammar such as cases or declination; when I look at Swedish or Danish, they seem to have both lost a full set of Germanic cases and generally use the same present-tense conjugation for every speaker/pronoun regardless of gender or number. Yet Icelandic kept a lot of the Old Norse features, which of course is understandable, considering its distance from the mainland and their efforts to maintain linguistic purity. But I still do not know why or how Norwegian, Danish and Swedish have ditched the typical old Norse style grammar - I don't know what has catalysed this. Is it a social or a cognitive change? I hope you can help me. James Puchowski - A-level student, High Wycombe - Great Britain|