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Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Loss of case and declined grammar in mainland Scandinavian grammar|
|Question:||What has bugged me for a long time, is not being able to understand what exactly changes certain parts of grammar such as cases or declination; when I look at Swedish or Danish, they seem to have both lost a full set of Germanic cases and generally use the same present-tense conjugation for every speaker/pronoun regardless of gender or number. Yet Icelandic kept a lot of the Old Norse features, which of course is understandable, considering its distance from the mainland and their efforts to maintain linguistic purity. But I still do not know why or how Norwegian, Danish and Swedish have ditched the typical old Norse style grammar - I don't know what has catalysed this. Is it a social or a cognitive change? I hope you can help me. James Puchowski - A-level student, High Wycombe - Great Britain|
|Reply:||If only we knew.... The whole issue of why one changes occur is one of the biggest questions in linguistics. We can often see in retrospect why something might have happened but we can't predict what will happen in the future. This means we don't really understand why particular changes appear over time. Look for general books on linguistic change (such as April McMahon's) or specific books about the history of the North Germanic languages. Anthea|
|Reply From:||Anthea Fraser Gupta click here to access email|