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Subject: Comparative conjugation
Question: Kabiye (Gur, Togo) expresses comparison by means of a subordinate clause flanked by the morphemes ɛzɩ … yɔ like, as. It is in this context, and only here, that one of two verb conjugations may occur, a Comparative Perfective and a Comparative Imperfective. Does anyone know of other languages that have dedicated verb paradigms for expressing comparison or similitude? Here are some examples: Comparative Imperfective 1 Maacɛkɩ́ kpakpá ɛzɩ ŋcɛkʋʋ́-yɛ́ yɔ́. Je-NEG-coupe noix-de-palme comme tu-coupes-lesSUB I don't cut palm nuts like you cut them. 2 Maañɔɔzʋʋ mon-kpokpó ɛzɩ́ ŋñɔɔzʋʋ́ ñɛ́ŋ́gʋ yɔ́. je-NEG-répare ma-moto comme tu-répares la-sienne SUB I don't repair my motorbike like you repair yours 3 Maahʋŋ mɛ-ɛyáa ɛzɩ́ ŋhʋngʋʋ́ ñɛ́ḿba yɔ́. je-NEG-coiffe mes-gens comme tu-coiffes les-tiens SUB I don't cut my clients' hair like you cut yours. Comparative Perfective 4 Mɛntɛcɛ́ kpakpá ɛzɩ́ ŋcɛ́bʋ-yɛ́ yɔ́. je-NEG-ai-coupé noix-de-palme comme tu-as-coupé-les SUB I didn't cut the palm nuts like you cut them. 5 Mɔntɔñɔ́ɔ́zɩ mon-kpokpó ɛzɩ́ ŋñɔɔzʋ́ʋ ñɛ́ŋ́gʋ yɔ́. je-NEG-ai-réparé ma-moto comme tu-as-réparé la-tienne SUB I didn't repair my motorbike like you repaired yours. 6 Mantahʋ́ mɛ-ɛyáa ɛzɩ́ ŋhʋ́m ñɛ́ḿba yɔ́. je-NEG-ai-coiffé mes-gens comme tu-as-coiffé les-tiens SUB I didn't cut my clients' hair like you cut yours. Dave Roberts
From: Dave Roberts
Date: 03-Oct-2012
  1. Re: Comparative conjugation    Geoffrey Richard Sampson     (15-Oct-2012)

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