The LINGUIST List is dedicated to providing information on language and language analysis, and to providing the discipline of linguistics with the infrastructure necessary to function in the digital world. LINGUIST is a free resource, run by linguistics students and faculty, and supported primarily by your donations. Please support LINGUIST List during the 2016 Fund Drive.
Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Age of a language|
|Question:||How is the age of a language, without any written evidence, determined?|
|Reply:||With the exceptions noted by my colleagues (and others like Klingon and Esperanto), all languages spoken today are 'modern languages'. There names may or may not date back that far (e.g., as mentioned the change of names as dialects of Latin diverged), but all languages are equally old as far as we can determine. This comes to be an important sociological question. Threatened and endangered and sleeping languages are often held to be 'millenarian' in contrast to recent upstarts spoken by conquerors. This makes for some interesting discussions and needs to be addressed carefully and fully in good historical linguistics classes. Also, such languages also change over time, split, acquire new names. It has been possible to do some historical work with such languages, when there are several related ones. All of this takes careful, skillful field work, and active cooperation between linguists and native speakers, hopefully by an least one person who is both.|
|Reply From:||M J Hardman click here to access email|