Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Germanic 'Jörð' vs. Turkic 'yer/yurt'|
Hello everyone. I am preparing a presentation of compared mythology
and I reached an interesting point. The word Jörð in Old Norse is
etymologically related to ''earth'' as you know. In Turkic, there is
two words: ''yer'', which directly means ''earth'' and ''yurt'' (t/d
change is observed in Old Turkic), which means ''homeland''. These
two words are also used in today's Turkish. I see a phonological
and semantical similarity here. I need to know if these words are
originally related or not. Thank you!
It depends on what you mean by "related". Conventional linguistic wisdom is that
Germanic languages are in a separate language family from Turkic.
As it happens the Oxford English Dictionary indicates that earth/jörd come from an
Indo-European root *er- with reflexes in Greek (i.e. a native word).
There is a possibility that there is a root borrowed into both languages or between
languages, but I don't know enough about Turkic to be sure. You'd want to know more
about the phonological developments in each family to be sure.
It is known that unrelated words can have words that happen to look alike but not have
Sorry I can't give you more information.
|Reply From:||Elizabeth J Pyatt click here to access email|