Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Alternative Verb Conjugations|
I am looking for examples of two alternative sets of verb
conjugations for the same tense, aspect, or mood that co-exist in
As an example, modern Spanish has two distinct conjugations for
the imperfect subjunctive. The older conjugation ends in -se and
comes from Latin's pluperfect subjunctive. The newer conjugation
ends in -ra and comes from Latin's pluperfect indicative. The -ra
set is more popular in the spoken language but -se is still used
in written Spanish, and I have occasionally heard it spoken.
There are some minor differences in usage but when it comes to
the primary functions of the imperfect subjunctive, -se and -ra
Do you know of other examples?
Judy Hochberg, Fordham University
The development of the dental preterite in Proto-Germanic, coexisting with the PIE ablaut verb forms would be another example. Unfortunately we have no evidence as the the socio-linguistic context of this early development.
|Reply From:||Herbert Frederic Stahlke click here to access email|