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Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Consistency-checking manual transcriptions|
|Question:||For languages with no writing system or no very standardized writing system, are there any tools that support consistency- checking of manually created transcriptions? For example, I was reading a text in a grammar for an endangered language, and the writer had glossed and translated both uwE and iwE as ''2SG/you''; and I wasn't sure if that was intentional or a typo (iwE was much more frequent in the text than uwE). If not, how do linguists working with languages without standardized orthographies achieve transcription consistency, for approximately phonemic transcriptions? Thanks.|
|Reply:||Writing systems develop out of spoken languages to represent speech sounds, ideally. In this sense, orthographies are a kind of transcription, though often inaccurate, as you point out. The International Phonetic Association (IPA) has created a standard phonetic alphabet, the International Phonetic Alphabet (also IPA), in order to represent speech sounds as accurately as possible. Each IPA symbol is meant to correspond one-to-one with a specific speech sound, and vice versa. Their website: http://www.langsci.ucl.ac.uk/ipa/ Grammars of spoken languages, as I presume the language you mention is, include the grammar of their sounds – their phonology – in standard phonetic transcription. This is so we all know what we are talking about, just like we know what a construct like “2SG/you” means. For consistency across phonetic transcriptions, have a look at a previous Ask-a-Linguist question, here: http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/message-details2.cfm?asklingid=200468106 Madalena|
|Reply From:||Madalena Cruz-Ferreira click here to access email|