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|Subject:||Prepositions preceding modes of transportation|
|Question:||I'm sure this is a useless question, but it has been bothering me since it occurred to me. Why is it we travel ''on'' a bus, ''on'' a train, ''on'' a boat, ''on'' a plane, but ''in'' a car? As we also travel ''in'' cabs and police cruisers, it begs to reason that it has less to do with ownership of the vehicle and more to do with the size of the vehicle. Nevertheless, the original models for automobiles weren't enclosed, to it seems likely that the usage would have favored ''on,'' since the riders were not ''in'' anything. The best reason I can think of is that the usage transferred from the horse-drawn carriage, which some of us still ride ''in'' today, but that only cycles the question further back. Bearing in mind that the modes of transportation at that point would have been the boat, the carriage, forms of animal (primarily horse), and later on the train, it makes sense to be ''on'' a boat and ''on'' a horse, but ''in'' a carriage. But why ''on'' a train? This, however, pushes the question forward yet again -- why, then, do we not ride ''in'' a plane or ''in'' a bus?|
|Reply:||We actually took a stab at a version of this question here on Ask-a-Linguist back in 2005: http://linguistlist.org/ask-ling/message-details1.cfm?AsklingID=200346060 At the time, I thought the rules were something like: If the vehicle is one that you literally sit on top of, you have to use 'on' (motorcycle, bicycle, horse...) If the vehicle literally or metaphoricallly 'contains' you, and there isn't enough space for people to walk around inside, you use 'in' for people who are riding inside it (car, truck, tank?, canoe, kayak...) If the vehicle contains you and there is enough space inside for people to stand up and walk around, you typically use 'on' (bus, plane, ocean liner...) Your mileage may vary, of course, but that's how it seems to work for me. The size differences are clearest for me with boats; I definitely get in a canoe (and not on), but I can get on a boat as long as it's big enough for me to stroll around on the decks. Of course, you can use 'on' with the smaller vehicles as long as you're planning to get on top of them; 'get on the car' means 'climb up onto the hood'. I hope this is useful-- Norvin Richards|
|Reply From:||Norvin Richards click here to access email|