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Ask-A-Linguist Message Details
|Subject:||Inflection and Questioning|
|Question:||What languages do not use vocal inflection to imply a question? I am an ELL teacher and have 22 different languages in my school. East African dialects are common and I wondered if they use inflection to imply they are asking a question? Koren? Vietnamese? Arabic? Tigrina? Omro? Where can I find this out? I can not find any real information on this topic. Thanks, Deanna|
|Reply:||Languages have lots of ways of marking questions. In English the rising intonation occurs most regularly on yes/no questions like "Is it going to rain today?" but less consistently on WH-questions like "what's that on the table?" Play around with the intonation on "You're going to the store, aren't you?" and see what effects you get. In a lot of tone languages, questions are marked by as special word at the beginning or end of the sentence. Because these languages use tone as part of the spelling of a word, and the same sounds with different tones can have different meanings, they don't generally use intonation contours as a way of marking questions. The rising intonation is, in fact, more common in European languages than in much of the rest of the world. By the way, you'll notice I've used "intonation," not "inflection." In grammatical discussion, inflection deals with prefixes and suffixes of certain types. Pitch contours are in the domain of intonation.|
|Reply From:||Herbert Frederic Stahlke click here to access email|