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|Subject:||Linguist = doctorate in linguistics?|
Are ESL instructors with masters in linguistics considered
linguists, or is the title of linguist reserved only for those
holding doctorate degrees in linguistics?
Who can legitimately be referred to as a linguist?
I'm not entirely in agreement with Elizabeth on this
one...Although the distinction between (Theoretical) Linguistics
and Applied Linguistics is quite well established, what sub-
disciplines are understood to belong to one or the other is not.
The American Applied Linguistics Association recognizes quite a
few more sub-disciplines that merely Second Language Teaching. In
fact, if the topic of the papers read at their annual convention
and those published in various 'Applied Linguistics' journal, the
main sub-discipline of Applied Linguistics would be Second
Language Acquisition, which is interested on how second languages
are LEARNED, not TAUGHT. Second Language Teaching, in fact, is a
quite separate discipline and has its own professional and
academic organizations (such as TESOL) and academic journals.
Other national applied linguistics association recognize a wealth
of other so-called 'applied' sub-disciplines, including
sociolinguistics, psycholinguistics, sociology of language,
language literacy, language preservation, language documentation,
ethnolinguistics, text mining, language planning, applied
phonetics(including voice recognition), etc.
To my mind, 'linguistics' - whether applied or theoretical (note
that the very distinction is moot since there can be no 'science'
at all without theorization of some kind!) has as its main object
LANGUAGE (in some form or another). If the main focus of a given
discipline is NOT language, then that discipline should not be
considered as part of 'linguistics' (applied or not!). Thus if
the main goal of Second (or Foreign) language teaching is on
TEACHING, not on LANGUAGE' then Second Language Teaching should
not be considered as part of 'linguistics' or even of 'applied
As to the question of degress (MA or PdD)...that's merely a
question of education/training. An MA often does not require
original research and certainly does not require a 'doctoral'
thesis, evaluated not only by departmental professors (who
themselves have PhDs)but by external evaluators.
The step between an MA and a PhD is quite important. But the
difference between the two certainly does not involve the
difference between what can be considered 'linguistics' and what
can be considered 'applied linguistics'!
Hope this helps to clear things up.
|Reply From:||Robert A Papen click here to access email|