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"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Conference Information



Full Title: Perception of Non-Native Varieties

      
Location: PoznaƄ, Poland
Start Date: 11-Sep-2014 - 14-Sep-2014
Contact: Gitte Kristiansen
Meeting Email: click here to access email
Meeting Description: 47th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea
September 11-14 2014
Adam Mickiewicz University, Poznan, Poland

Theme Session Title: The Perception of Non-Native Varieties: Methods and Findings in Perceptual Dialectology

Convenors:

Gitte Kristiansen (Universidad Complutense de Madrid): gkristia@ucm.es
Marinel Gerritsen (Radboud University Nijmegen): m.gerritsen@let.ru.nl
Dirk Geeraerts (K.U. Leuven): dirk.geeraerts@arts.kuleuven.be

Description:

We know from previous research that L1 recognition is surprisingly fast (Purnell et al. 1999), surprisingly accurate (Van Bezooijen and Gooskens 1999) and that it is an early acquisition, which evolves gradually and experientially (Kristiansen 2010). Listeners thus gradually construct mental representations to identify native varieties and foreign languages. At the same time, linguistic varieties trigger attitudinal reactions. Accents are socially diagnostic and serve as effective cognitive shortcuts to identification (where is this speaker from?) and characterization (what is this speaker like?).

In more technical terms, accents are socially diagnostic because linguistic stereotypes, i.e. sets of abstract linguistic schemata composed of a cluster of salient features, gradually emerge to capture the essence of what a group speaks like. In this sense of the words, social and linguistic stereotypes, rather than distorted images, constitute useful cognitive reference points that emerge to allow us to navigate fast and efficiently in a complex social world.

Ever since Lambert et al. (1960) published their pioneering article on speech evaluation methods, numerous studies have investigated the (conscious or unconscious) attitudes triggered by L1 varieties (e.g. Chambers and Trudgill 1998, Preston 2011, Grondelaers and van Hout 2010, Kristiansen 2010). Numerous studies thus exist on L1 perception, but L2 identification and characterization is still severely understudied. Given the role of English as a Lingua Franca in an increasingly globalised world, focus in this theme session is on the (attitudinal and identificational) perception of non-native accents of English. At the same time, given the empirical nature of the theoretical questions that we address, the scope is by no means limited to situations in which (a variety of) English constitutes the L2 language.
Linguistic Subfield: Language Acquisition; Phonology; Sociolinguistics; Cognitive Science
LL Issue: 24.4401

This is a session of the following meeting:
47th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea

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