|Full Title:||Phonetic Reduction and Reduction Processes|
|Start Date:||11-Sep-2014 - 14-Sep-2014|
|Meeting Email:||click here to access email|
The workshop aims to address a range of different aspects of phonetic reduction as it manifests in both native and non-native speech.
Phonetic reduction refers to “the phenomenon that … phonemes may be shorter or absent” (Hanique and Ernestus 2012: 1). It can denote “a large deviation from the citation form such that whole syllables are lost and/or a large proportion of the phones in the form are changed” (Johnson 2004: 1), or “different types of simplification which speakers regularly exhibit in pronunciation … with respect to the canonical form” (Byrd 1994:41). It may be exemplified as follows: “perhaps in clearly articulated slow speech becomes praps in rapid speech” (Bussmann 1996: 396).
While research on phonological variation and change is abundant (Labov 1994, Wells 1982, Trudgill 2002), studies of phonetic reduction are comparatively rare. The correlations between language and various social factors have been extensively documented within the variationist paradigm, but the study of casual, reduced pronunciation remains underrepresented (cf. Shockey 2003). The workshop intends to fill some of this gap and contribute to an increased understanding of phonetic reduction, as it brings together a range of different approaches devoted to the phenomenon. It will explore articulatory, acoustic, perceptual, sociolinguistic, stylistic, and acquisitional aspects of reduction, and discuss various explanatory models.
Previous scholarship in the area of reduction studies is devoted to the factors responsible for reduction, revealing the following research trends: rate of speech, frequency (frequency of occurrence, lexical frequency, type frequency, word- and multiword frequency), speech styles, stress, rhythm, phonetic context, position in phrase/syllable/word, grammar (function vs. lexical words), semantics (semantic predictability, old vs. new information), morphology, syntax, typology, pragmatics, intra- and interspeaker variability, language acquisition (nonnative speech). The workshop represents these trends and reflects the newest developments in the field.
Apart from advancing our knowledge of reduction, in the area of non-native speech in particular, the workshop aims to make two novel contributions in the area of orthography (Schüppert b) and extralinguistic factors such as musical education and a longer stay in an English-speaking country (Kul a).
Malgorzata Kul (Adam Mickiewicz University)
Bente Hannisdal (Bergen University)
|Linguistic Subfield:||Phonetics; Phonology|
This is a session of the following meeting:
47th Annual Meeting of the Societas Linguistica Europaea
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