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Full Title: Grammar of Genres and Styles: Which Approaches to Prefer?

      
Location: Paris, France
Start Date: 16-Jan-2015 - 16-Jan-2015
Contact: Dominique Legallois
Meeting Email: click here to access email
Meeting Description: This Conscila Study day devoted to the study of grammar and stylistics of discourse genre, aims to bring together researchers in linguistics or NLP whose work focuses on the identification of lexico- grammatical textual features.

Thierry Charnois (University of Paris 13, LIPN), Sascha Diwersy (Universität zu Köln), Meri Larjavaara (Åbo Akademi), Dominique Legallois (University of Caen, Crisco)

Meeting email: dominique.legallois@unicaen.fr

In recent years, automatic text analysis has enabled a more accurate identification of lexical and grammatical features of texts and genres. There are two main approaches, the first being more widespread than the second :

1. The paradigmatic approach rests upon the quantification of morpho-syntactic categories. For instance, in his work on oral discourse in the academic community, Biber 2006 uncovers the over-usage (in comparison with written discourse) of first person pronouns, of evaluative expressions ('mental' verbs, modal adverbs, etc.), of WH- questions, etc. By means of factorisation, it is possible to determine a set of properties particular to a specific genre.

2. The syntagmatic approach focuses on the combination of lexical units, the identification of preferred, or dispreferred, syntagmatic segments by genre. To give an illustration of this, consider the lexico-grammatical structure named 'pattern' or motif in Quiniou et al, ce N si ADJ et si ADJ (lit : That N so ADJ and so ADJ). This semantico-evaluative pattern is specific to the 19th century genre of Memoirs, in comparison with Travel narrative, Novels, Correspondence, Essays of the same period :

Oh ! Tant mieux, tant mieux de n' être pas bornés par 'ce temps si court et si triste' ! (lit : that time so short and so sad) E. de Guérin, Journal (1834-1840)
Linguistic Subfield: Computational Linguistics; Discourse Analysis; Text/Corpus Linguistics
LL Issue: 25.2581


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