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Conference Information



Full Title: Strong Versus Weak Prosodic Positions: Possible Variation and Relevance for Grammar

      
Short Title: Prosodic Positions
Location: Leipzig, Germany
Start Date: 04-Mar-2015 - 06-Mar-2015
Contact: Marzena Zygis
Meeting Email: click here to access email
Meeting URL: http://conference.uni-leipzig.de/dgfs2015/index.php?id=8&L=1
Meeting Description: The workshop is part of the 37th annual conference of the German
Linguistics Society (DGfS) which will take place at the University of
Leipzig from March 4-6, 2015.

Workshop Convenors:

Renate Raffelsiefen (IDS Mannheim/FU Berlin) & Marzena Żygis (ZAS Berlin/HU
Berlin)

Both phoneticians and phonologists have found reason to distinguish
'strong' and 'weak' positions referring to constituents of the prosodic
hierarchy, including higher constituents, whose boundaries align with
morphosyntactic boundaries, as well as lower constituents such as foot and
syllable. Strength is commonly associated with initial positions and with
stress whereas weakness is associated with non-prominent positions.
Reference to strong versus weak positions has been invoked in articulatory
phonetics (target overshoot, i.e. enhancement of the duration and/or
magnitude of articulatory gestures, in strong positions versus target
undershoot in weak position) as well as auditory phonetics (lower rate of
misperception in strong positions versus higher rate in weak position). It
has also been invoked to account for potential contrast, more
distinctiveness being associated with strong positions (cf. the notions of
'positional faithfulness' and 'positional markedness' in Optimality
Theory). Although reference to 'strong' versus 'weak' positions appears to
be universally grounded in prominence and although it seems to be taken for
granted that positions considered strong for the purpose of one area of
phonetics or phonology implies strength for the purpose of others there is
evidence for disparity. For instance, the word-initial position is
associated with strong potential contrast by Beckman (1998), whereas
Trubezkoy links both margin positions of words to low contrastiveness (e.g.
neutralization of the voicing contrast for all consonants in word-initial
position in Erza-Mordwin, Trubetzkoy 1958: 212ff). Similarly, the
word-initial position is associated with target overshoot (e.g. aspiration
of voiceless plosives) in English or German, but also exhibits fewer
contrasts in fricatives than for instance the foot-internal position. The
latter nonetheless exhibits target undershoot (flapping in American English).

Invited Speakers:

Rachel Walker, University of Southern California, USA
Yi Xu, University College London, UK
Linguistic Subfield: Phonetics; Phonology
LL Issue: 25.2707

This is a session of the following meeting:
Annual Meeting 2015 of DGfS (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Sprachwissenschaft)

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