|Full Title:||VO-OV: Correlations of Head-Complement Order (DGfS Annual Meeting 2015)|
|Start Date:||04-Mar-2015 - 06-Mar-2015|
|Meeting Email:||click here to access email|
|Meeting Description:||Walter Bisang (Mainz) & Balthasar Bickel (Zürich) & Gisbert Fanselow (Potsdam) & Hubert Haider (Salzburg)
VO-OV: Correlations of head-complement order in grammar and lexicon
The distinction between OV and VO order in a clause is usually taken to be a good predictor of fur-ther serialization facts, and one can find several proposal for an explanation of the corresponding implicative universals in the literature. Possible further correlates of the VO-OV distinction in do-mains other than word order such as the following have been investigated to a much lesser extent. The data represented in WALS shows that the percentage of languages without a morphological system of case is lower among the OV languages. Likewise, there are more OV than OV systems among the languages with an ergative case pattern, while VO languages are overrepresented among the languages which position question words at the clause's left periphery.
Other correlations have been proposed on the basis of much smaller, non-representative language samples. Thus, it has been claimed that free constituent order (scrambling) and the absence of typical subject-object asymmetries are concomitant of OV order, and it has been argued that OV languages have a higher N:V ratio in the lexicon. There are interesting proposal as to how such correlations can be modeled in a theory of language.
Invited speakers are Mathew Dryer and Ad Neeleman.
|Linguistic Subfield:||Linguistic Theories; Syntax; Typology|
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