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Conference Information



Full Title: Grammatical Processing in Second Language Speakers

      
Location: Palma (Balearic Islands), Spain
Start Date: 07-Sep-2017 - 09-Sep-2017
Contact: Carlos Acuña-Fariña
Meeting Email: click here to access email
Meeting URL: http://www.uibcongres.org/GALA13/paginas/pagina_421_2.en.html
Meeting Description: Grammatical Processing in Second Language Speakers : Agreement, Polarity, Anaphora and other Grammatical Illusions

The human parser is surprisingly accurate in applying the complex collection of grammatical rules. Yet, sometimes real-time linguistic processes give rise to representations that are not allowed by the grammar but are perceived as acceptable. This phenomenon is referred to as ‘grammatical illusions’ (Phillips, Wagers and Lau, 2011). The illusory perception of the linguistic input has been observed in a diverse range of structures, including verbal agreement (Pearlmutter, Garnsey, and Bock 1999; Wagers, Lau, & Phillips 2009), negative polarity items (Drenhaus et al. 2005; Vasishth et al. 2008; Xiang et al. 2009, 2013), anaphora (Parker, Lago, and Phillips 2015), comparative structures (Wellwood et al. 2012) and other dependencies. For instance, an illusion of grammaticality arises when a sentence like ‘The key to the cabinets are on the table’ (Bock & Miller, 1991) is judged as acceptable despite the fact that the morphological features of the verb do not agree with its subject. This is known as an attraction effect. Grammatical illusory phenomena have been understood as the result of constraints imposed by the structure of working memory in terms of the retrieval mechanisms that are used in order to carry out grammatical operations (Vasishth et al., 2008). Nonetheless, they also bring interesting questions on the nature of the linguistic system and the psychological status of linguistic representations in real-time.

The workshop seeks to shed new light from the perspective of second language acquisition on issues that have mainly been studied in terms of adult first language processing. This shift of focus raises several questions:

(a) To what extent do first and second language speakers differ in their processing of these so-called illusory structures?
(b) In what ways can the grammatical processing of second language learners inform the real-time status of linguistic operations?
(c) Is it possible to generalize the predictions from adult native speakers to second language proficient speakers in terms of their mental grammars?
(d) What are the effects of proficiency?
Linguistic Subfield: Language Acquisition
LL Issue: 28.448

This is a session of the following meeting:
13th Generative Approaches to Language Acquisition

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