Featured Linguist!

Jost Gippert: Our Featured Linguist!

"Buenos dias", "buenas noches" -- this was the first words in a foreign language I heard in my life, as a three-year old boy growing up in developing post-war Western Germany, where the first gastarbeiters had arrived from Spain. Fascinated by the strange sounds, I tried to get to know some more languages, the only opportunity being TV courses of English and French -- there was no foreign language education for pre-teen school children in Germany yet in those days. Read more



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Nearly Extinct Languages



440 nearly extinct languages were found in the database:

Name Code Subgroup Family
A-Pucikwar apq Central Great Andamanese Andamanese
Abaga abg Abaga Trans-New Guinea
Abnaki, Western abe Eastern Algonquian Algic
Abom aob Tirio Trans-New Guinea
Achumawi acv Palaihninan Hokan
Adnyamathanha adt Yura Australian
Agta, Isarog agk Naga Austronesian
Agta, Villa Viciosa dyg Ibanag Austronesian
Ahtena aht Tanaina-Ahtna Na-Dene
Ainu ain Language Isolate Language Isolate
Akurio ako Wama Carib
Alawa alh Alawic Australian
Aleut, Mednyj mud Russian-Aleut Mixed Language
Alngith aid Northern Pama Australian
Amahai amq Elpaputi Austronesian
Amanayé ama Oyampi (VIII) Tupi
Amarag amg Amaragic Australian
Ami amy Wagaydy Australian
Anambé aan Oyampi (VIII) Tupi
Andegerebinha adg Arandic Australian
Antakarinya ant Wati Australian
Aore aor West Santo Austronesian
Apache, Kiowa apk Kiowa Apache Na-Dene
Apache, Lipan apl Eastern Apache Na-Dene
Arabana ard Palku Australian
Araki akr West Santo Austronesian
Areba aea Norman Pama Australian
Arem aem Chut Austro-Asiatic
Arhâ aqr Wailic Austronesian
Arikapú ark Yabuti Macro-Ge
Aruá arx Monde Tupi
Arutani atx Arutani-Sape Arutani-Sape
Ata atm Central Philippine Austronesian
Atampaya amz Northern Pama Australian
Atsugewi atw Palaihninan Hokan
Aurá aux Tupi-Guarani Tupi
Ayabadhu ayd Middle Pama Australian
Ayta, Sorsogon ays Central Philippine Austronesian
Babuza bzg Central Western Plains Austronesian
Badimaya bia Wadjari Australian
Baga Koga bgo Baga Niger-Congo
Baga Mboteni bgm Mbulungish-Nalu Niger-Congo
Bandjalang bdy Bandjalangic Australian
Bandjigali bjd Baagandji Australian
Bardi bcj Nyulnyulan Australian
Barrow Point bpt Guugu Yimidhirr Australian
Bassa-Kontagora bsr Basa Niger-Congo
Baure brg Bolivia-Parana Arawakan
Bayungu bxj Kanyara Australian
Berakou bxv Bagirmi Nilo-Saharan
Bete byf Jukunoid Niger-Congo
Bidyara bym Maric Australian
Bikya byb Unclassified Southern Bantoid Niger-Congo
Bilakura bql Numugenan Trans-New Guinea
Birale bxe Unclassified Afroasiatic Afroasiatic
Bishuo bwh Unclassified Southern Bantoid Niger-Congo
Bodo boy Bira-Huku (D.30) Niger-Congo
Boon bnl East Cushitic Afroasiatic
Boruca brn Talamanca Chibchan
Bullom So buy Northern Bullom Niger-Congo
Bung bqd Unclassified Unclassified
Burduna bxn Kanyara Australian
Buso bso East Chadic A.1 Afroasiatic
Busuu bju Unclassified Bantoid Niger-Congo
Cabiyarí cbb Inland Northern Maipuruan Arawakan
Caddo cad Southern Caddoan Caddoan
Cahuarano cah Zaparoan Zaparoan
Cahuilla chl Cahuilla-Cupeno Uto-Aztecan
Chamicuro ccc Western Maipuran Arawakan
Chehalis, Lower cea Inland Tsamosan Salishan
Chehalis, Upper cjh Inland Tsamosan Salishan
Chetco ctc Tolowa-Galice Na-Dene
Chhintange ctn Eastern Kiranti Sino-Tibetan
Chiapanec cip Chiapanec-Mangue Oto-Manguean
Chinook chh Chinookan Penutian
Chinook jargon chn Amerindian Pidgin Pidgin
Chukwa cuw Eastern Kiranti Sino-Tibetan
Clallam clm Straits Salish Salishan
Coeur d'Alene crd Southern Interior Salish Salishan
Coos csz Coosan Penutian
Cowlitz cow Inland Tsamosan Salishan
Creole Dutch, Berbice brc Dutch based Creole
Creole French, San Miguel scf French based Creole
Cupeño cup Cahuilla-Cupeno Uto-Aztecan
Darling drl Baagandji Australian
Dayi dax Dhuwal Australian
Dhalandji dhl Dhalandji Australian
Dhargari dhr Inland Ngayarda Australian
Dirari dit Karna Australian
Djamindjung djd Djamindjungan Australian
Djangun djf Yalandyic Australian
Djawi djw Nyulnyulan Australian
Djingili jig West Barkly Australian
Djiwarli djl Inland Ngayarda Australian
Dusner dsn Biakic Austronesian
Dyaabugay dyy Yidinic Australian
Dyaberdyaber dyb Nyulnyulan Australian
Dyangadi dyn Dyangadi Australian
Dyirbal dbl Dyirbalic Australian
Dyugun dyd Nyulnyulan Australian
Edwas bnv Tor Proper Trans-New Guinea
El Molo elo Western Omo-Tana Afroasiatic
Erre err Giimbiyu Australian
Eyak eya Eyak Na-Dene
Fali, Baissa fah Unclassified Benue-Congo Niger-Congo
Flinders Island fln Flinders Island Australian
Gadjerawang gdh Djeragan Australian
Gagadu gbu Gagudjuan Australian
Gambera gma Wororan Australian
Gamilaraay kld Wiradhuric Australian
Ganggalida gcd Tangic Australian
Ganza gza West Mao Afroasiatic
Garig-Ilgar ilg Yiwaidjic Australian
Giyug giy Wagaydy Australian
Gooniyandi gni Bunaban Australian
Gorovu grq Grass Proper Sepik-Ramu
Goundo goy Kim Niger-Congo
Gros Ventre ats Arapaho Algic
Gudanji nji West Barkly Australian
Gugadj ggd Flinders Pama Australian
Gugu Badhun gdc Maric Australian
Gugubera kkp Coastal Pama Australian
Guguyimidjir kky Guugu Yimidhirr Australian
Gungabula gyf Maric Australian
Gunya gyy Maric Australian
Guragone gge Burarran Australian
Guramalum grz Patpatar-Tolai Austronesian
Gurdjar gdj Norman Pama Australian
Guwamu gwu Maric Australian
Gweda grw Taupota Austronesian
Haeke aek Haekic Austronesian
Haida, Northern hdn Haida Na-Dene
Haida, Southern hax Haida Na-Dene
Han haa Han-Kutchin Na-Dene
Holikachuk hoi Koyukon-Holikachuk Na-Dene
Holma hod Biu-Mandara A.8 Afroasiatic
Hulung huk Hulung Austronesian
Hupa hup Hupa Na-Dene
Ibu ibu Sahu West Papuan
Iñapari inp Purus Arawakan
Isconahua isc North-Central Panoan Panoan
Itonama ito Language Isolate Language Isolate
Itzá itz Mopan-Itza Mayan
Jabutí jbt Yabuti Macro-Ge
Judeo-Italian itk Italo-Dalmatian Indo-European
Júma jua Kawahib (VI) Tupi
Kalapuya kyl Kalapuyan Penutian
Kalispel-Pend d'Oreille fla Southern Interior Salish Salishan
Kamarian kzx Kamarian Austronesian
Kamasa klp Angan Proper Trans-New Guinea
Kamu xmu Daly Proper Australian
Kanakanabu xnb Tsouic Austronesian
Kanju kbe Northeastern Pama Australian
Kansa ksk Dhegiha Siouan
Kanum, Bädi khd Tonda Trans-New Guinea
Karadjeri gbd Marngu Australian
Karahawyana xkh Unclassified Unclassified
Kashaya kju Southern Russian River Hokan
Katawixi xat Katukinan Katukinan
Kato ktw Mattole-Wailaki Na-Dene
Katukína kav Katukinan Katukinan
Kavalan ckv Northern East Formosan Austronesian
Kawacha kcb Angan Proper Trans-New Guinea
Kawaiisu xaw Southern Numic Uto-Aztecan
Kayeli kzl Kayeli Austronesian
Kembra xkw Unclassified Unclassified
Kerek krk Koryak-Alyutor Chokotko-Kamchatkan
Khamyang ksu Northwest Southwestern Tai Tai-Kadai
Kiliwa klb Kiliwa Hokan
Kiong kkm Kiong-Korop Niger-Congo
Klamath-Modoc kla Klamath-Modoc Penutian
Kokata ktd Wati Australian
Koyukon koy Koyukon-Holikachuk Na-Dene
Kreye xre Timbira Macro-Ge
Krymchak jct Ponto-Caspian Altaic
Kudu-Camo kov Jera Niger-Congo
Kuku-Mangk xmq Middle Pama Australian
Kuku-Mu'inh xmp Middle Pama Australian
Kuku-Ugbanh ugb Middle Pama Australian
Kumbainggar kgs Gumbaynggiric Australian
Kunbarlang wlg Gunwinggic Australian
Kunggara kvs Norman Pama Australian
Kunggari kgl Maric Australian
Kurrama vku Coastal Ngayarda Australian
Kuthant xut Norman Pama Australian
Kwerisa kkb East Tariku Geelvink Bay
Laghu lgb West Santa Isabel Austronesian
Lamu-Lamu lby Lamalamic Australian
Laragia lrg Laragiyan Australian
Lardil lbz Lardil Australian
Laua luf Mailuan Trans-New Guinea
Leco lec Language Isolate Language Isolate
Lenca len Unclassified Unclassified
Lengilu lgi Kelabitic Austronesian
Lere gnh Jera Niger-Congo
Limilngan lmc Limilngan-Wulna Australian
Lingkhim lii Western Kiranti Sino-Tibetan
Loun lox Loun Austronesian
Lufu ldq Unclassified Unclassified
Luo luw Unclassified Unclassified
Lushootseed lut Twana Salishan
Mabire muj East Chadic B.1 1 Afroasiatic
Madngele zml Daly Proper Australian
Maidu, Northeast nmu Maiduan Penutian
Maidu, Northwest mjd Maiduan Penutian
Makolkol zmh Baining-Taulil East Papuan
Maku'a lva Maku'a Trans-New Guinea
Manda zma Wagaydy Australian
Mandan mhq Mandan Siouan
Mandandanyi zmk Maric Australian
Mander mqr Tor Proper Trans-New Guinea
Mangala mem Mangala Australian
Mangarayi mpc Mangarayic Australian
Mangerr zme Giimbiyu Australian
Mapia mpy Trukic Austronesian
Mapidian mpw Wapishanan Arawakan
Mapoyo mcg Western Guiana Carib
Mara mec Mara Australian
Maragus mrs Malekula Central Austronesian
Maranunggu zmr Wagaydy Australian
Margany zmc Maric Australian
Margu mhg Margic Australian
Maridan zmd Bringen Australian
Maridjabin zmj Bringen Australian
Marimanindji zmm Bringen Australian
Maringarr zmt Bringen Australian
Mariyedi zmy Bringen Australian
Marti Ke zmg Bringen Australian
Martuyhunira vma Coastal Ngayarda Australian
Massalat mdg Masalit Nilo-Saharan
Matlatzinca, Atzingo ocu Matlatzincan Oto-Manguean
Matlatzinca, San Francisco mat Matlatzincan Oto-Manguean
Mawayana mzx Maipuran Arawakan
Mayaguduna xmy Mayabic Australian
Mbabaram vmb Southern Pama Australian
Mbariman-Gudhinma zmv Mbariman Australian
Menominee mez Central Algonquian Algic
Miriwung mep Djeragan Australian
Miwa vmi Wororan Australian
Miwok, Central Sierra csm Sierra Penutian
Miwok, Lake lmw Western Miwokan Penutian
Miwok, Northern Sierra nsq Sierra Penutian
Miwok, Plains pmw Eastern Miwokan Penutian
Miwok, Southern Sierra skd Sierra Penutian
Mixtec, Sindihui xts Mixtec Oto-Manguean
Mogholi mhj Western Mongolian Altaic
Mok mqt Angkuic Austro-Asiatic
Mondé mnd Monde Tupi
Mono mnr Western Numic Uto-Aztecan
Movima mzp Language Isolate Language Isolate
Mullukmulluk mpb Malagmalag Proper Australian
Muluridyi vmu Yalandyic Australian
Muniche myr Language Isolate Language Isolate
Munsee umu Eastern Algonquian Algic
Muruwari zmu Muruwaric Australian
N/u ngh !Kwi Khoisan
Nahuatl, Tlalitzlipa nhj Aztec Uto-Aztecan
Naka'ela nae Ulat Inai Austronesian
Narungga nnr Yura Australian
Nasarian nvh Malekula Central Austronesian
Ndai gke Dama-Galke Niger-Congo
Ngadjunmaya nju Mirning Australian
Ngalakan nig Rembargic Australian
Ngamini nmv Karna Australian
Ngarla nlr Inland Ngayarda Australian
Ngarluma nrl Coastal Ngayarda Australian
Ngawun nxn Mayabic Australian
Ngong nnx Cameroon Niger-Congo
Nguluwan nuw Yapese-Ulithi Mixed Language
Ngura nbx Ngura Australian
Ngurmbur nrx Umbugarla-Ngumbur Australian
Nhuwala nhf Coastal Ngayarda Australian
Nijadali nad Nijadali Australian
Nimanbur nmp Nyulnyulan Australian
Nisenan nsz Maiduan Penutian
Njerep njr Njerup Niger-Congo
Noy noy Bua Niger-Congo
Nugunu nnv Yura Australian
Nungali nug Djamindjungan Australian
Nusa Laut nul Elpaputi Austronesian
Nyamal nly Inland Ngayarda Australian
Nyangga nny Tangic Australian
Nyawaygi nyt Nyawaygic Australian
Nyigina nyh Nyulnyulan Australian
Nyulnyul nyv Nyulnyulan Australian
Odut oda Kiong-Korop Niger-Congo
Omagua omg Tupi (III) Tupi
Ona ona Chon Chon
Opata opt Cahita Uto-Aztecan
Oro Win orw Madeira Chapacura-Wanham
Osage osa Dhegiha Siouan
Otomi, Tilapa otl Otomi Oto-Manguean
Pacahuara pcp Southern Panoan Panoan
Pakanha pkn Middle Pama Australian
Panytyima pnw Inland Ngayarda Australian
Paraujano pbg Caribbean Arawakan
Paulohi plh Solehua Austronesian
Pauserna psm Pauserna Tupi
Pawnee paw Pawnee Caddoan
Pémono pev Western Guiana Carib
Pini pii Wati Australian
Pinigura pnv Dhalandji Australian
Pipil ppl Pipil Uto-Aztecan
Piru ppr Northwest Seram Austronesian
Pitta Pitta pit Palku Australian
Pomo, Central poo Southern Russian River Hokan
Pomo, Northeastern pef Northeastern Russian River Hokan
Pomo, Southeastern pom Southeastern Pomo Hokan
Pomo, Southern peq Southern Russian River Hokan
Pongyong pgy Eastern Kiranti Sino-Tibetan
Popoluca, Texistepec poq Veracruz Zoque Mixe-Zoque
Principense pre Portuguese based Creole
Puelche pue Language Isolate Language Isolate
Putai mfl Biu-Mandara A.2 1 Afroasiatic
Quapaw qua Dhegiha Siouan
Quechua, Pacaraos qvp Quechua II A Quechuan
Quechua, Yauyos qux Quechua II A Quechuan
Quileute qui Chimakuan Chimakuan
Quinault qun Maritime Tsamosan Salishan
Rama rma Rama Chibchan
Resígaro rgr Inland Northern Maipuruan Arawakan
Reyesano rey Tacana Proper Tacanan
Ruga ruh Koch Sino-Tibetan
Saam raq Eastern Kiranti Sino-Tibetan
Saaroa sxr Tsouic Austronesian
Salish, Southern Puget Sound slh Twana Salishan
Sami, Akkala sia Eastern Sami Uralic
Sami, Pite sje Northern Western Sami Uralic
Sami, Ter sjt Eastern Sami Uralic
Sapé spc Arutani-Sape Arutani-Sape
Saponi spi Rasawa-Saponi Geelvink Bay
Sechelt sec Northern Central Salish Salishan
Sene sej Eastern Huon Trans-New Guinea
Serrano ser Serrano-Gabrielino Uto-Aztecan
Shasta sht Shastan Hokan
Shau sqh Jera Niger-Congo
Sheni scv Jera Niger-Congo
Snohomish sno Twana Salishan
Somyev kgt Magu-Kamkam-Kila Niger-Congo
Sowa sww East Vanuatu Austronesian
Squamish squ Squamish Salishan
Susuami ssu Angan Trans-New Guinea
Tagish tgx Tahltan-Kaska Na-Dene
Tahltan tht Tahltan-Kaska Na-Dene
Tanaina tfn Tanaina-Ahtna Na-Dene
Tandia tni Tandia Austronesian
Tariana tae Inland Northern Maipuruan Arawakan
Taushiro trr Language Isolate Language Isolate
Tehuelche teh Chon Chon
Thao ssf Thao Austronesian
Thaypan typ Rarmul Pama Australian
Timbisha par Central Numic Uto-Aztecan
Tinigua tit Language Isolate Language Isolate
Tirahi tra Kohistani Indo-European
Tolowa tol Tolowa-Galice Na-Dene
Torá trz Madeira Chapacura-Wanham
Tremembé tme Unclassified Unclassified
Tübatulabal tub Tubatulabal Uto-Aztecan
Tunebo, Angosturas tnd Tunebo Chibchan
Tuparí tpr Tupari Tupi
Tuscarora tus Tuscarora-Nottoway Iroquoian
Tututni tuu Tolowa-Galice Na-Dene
Tyaraity woa Malagmalag Proper Australian
Udihe ude Udihe Altaic
Umbindhamu umd Umbindhamuic Australian
Umbugarla umr Umbugarla-Ngumbur Australian
Umbuygamu umg Lamalamic Australian
Unserdeutsch uln German based Creole
Ura uur Bieria-Maii Austronesian
Uradhi urf Northern Pama Australian
Urningangg urc Giimbiyu Australian
Uru ure Uru-Chipaya Uru-Chipaya
Veddah ved Sinhalese-Maldivian Indo-European
Vilela vil Lule-Vilela Lule-Vilela
Votic vot Finnic Uralic
Wadjiginy wdj Wagaydy Australian
Wadjigu wdu Maric Australian
Wagaya wga Warluwara-Thawa Australian
Wajarri wbv Wadjari Australian
Wakawaka wkw Miyan Australian
Wambaya wmb West Barkly Australian
Wamin wmi Southern Pama Australian
Wangaaybuwan-Ngiyambaa wyb Wiradhuric Australian
Wanggamala wnm Palku Australian
Wangganguru wgg Palku Australian
Wanman wbt Wati Australian
Wappo wao Yuki Yuki
Waray wrz Warayan Australian
Wardaman wrr Yangmanic Australian
Warluwara wrb Warluwara-Thawa Australian
Warrgamay wgy Dyirbalic Australian
Warrwa wwr Nyulnyulan Australian
Warungu wrg Maric Australian
Wasco-Wishram wac Chinookan Penutian
Washo was Washo Hokan
Wichita wic Wichita Caddoan
Wik-Epa wie Middle Pama Australian
Wik-Keyangan wif Middle Pama Australian
Wik-Me'anha wih Middle Pama Australian
Wikngenchera wua Middle Pama Australian
Wilawila wil Wororan Australian
Wintu wit Wintuan Penutian
Wiradhuri wrh Wiradhuric Australian
Wirangu wiw Wirangu Australian
Woria wor East Geelvink Bay Geelvink Bay
Worora unp Wororan Australian
Wulna wux Limilngan-Wulna Australian
Xetá xet Guarani (I) Tupi
Xipaya xiy Yuruna Tupi
Xiri xii Nama Khoisan
Yaaku muu Yaaku Afroasiatic
Yabarana yar Western Guiana Carib
Yámana yag Language Isolate Language Isolate
Yan-nhangu jay Dhangu Australian
Yandruwandha ynd Karna Australian
Yangman jng Yangmanic Australian
Yawarawarga yww Karna Australian
Yawuru ywr Nyulnyulan Australian
Yevanic yej Attic Indo-European
Yiddish, Western yih Yiddish Indo-European
Yidiny yii Yidinic Australian
Yindjilandji yil Warluwara-Thawa Australian
Yinggarda yia Yinggarda Australian
Yir Yoront yiy Yir Yoront Australian
Yokuts yok Yokuts Penutian
Yuchi yuc Language Isolate Language Isolate
Yugh yuu Yenisei Ostyak Yenisei Ostyak
Yuki yuk Yuki Yuki
Yurok yur Yurok Algic
Záparo zro Zaparoan Zaparoan
Zapotec, Asunción Mixtepec zoo Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zapotec, Elotepec zte Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zapotec, San Agustín Mixtepec ztm Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zapotec, Tejalapan ztt Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zapotec, Tlacolulita zpk Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zapotec, Totomachapan zph Zapotec Oto-Manguean
Zire sih Zire-Tiri Austronesian
Ziriya zir Jera Niger-Congo
Zoque, Tabasco zoq Veracruz Zoque Mixe-Zoque
Zumaya zuy Masa Afroasiatic