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 Jiangmen, China
 Hometown of Flora  Wu

City

General:

Jiangmen is a prefecture-level city in Guangdong province in southern China with a population of about 3.8 million. Jiangmen is the homeland of 3.68 million overseas Chinese, who live in 107 countries and regions throughout the world. Strong oversea connections are especially found in the villages.


Geography

The city is located on the lower reaches of the Xijiang or West River, in the west of the Pearl River Delta in the middle of southern Guangdong Province. It faces the South China Sea in the south and is 100 km away from Guangzhou and Zhuhai by highway. Jiangmen city has an area of 9,260 km², about one quarter the size of the Pearl River Delta. The climate is subtropical with monsoon influences. The annual average temperature is 21.8ºC.

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History

Jiangmen was proclaimed a city in 1951, and later became the administrative capital of the prefecture for the Wu Yi region which includes Taishan, Kaiping, Xinhui, Enping and Heshan. The port of Jiangmen, previously romanised as Kong-Moon, was forced to open to western trade in 1902. One legacy of this period is an historic waterfront district lined with buildings in the treaty port style. The city has an ongoing renewal project which has restored many of these buildings. A significant amount of historical heritage survives from the period of mass emigration prior to World War II. The most significant are the fortified multi-story towers found mainly in Kaiping. These are known as "Gold Mountain Towers".


Economy

Jiangmen was selected by the Chinese state as a pilot city for a nationwide information programme. It was also chosen by the Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (PECC) as a trial city for the Regional Integration for Sustainable Economics (RISE) project. According to the "Report on Investment Environment in China 2003" by the World Bank, Jiangmen ranked the fourth after Shanghai, Hangzhou and Dalian of 23 cities under evaluation in China. Among various indicators, Jiangmen excelled in infrastructure, labor redundancy, proportion of joint ventures in all firms, informal payments to government, taxation, productivity and the investment rate. Similar to other cities in the western Pearl River Delta, the manufacturing sector plays a significant role in Jiangmen's economy. The chief industries include manufacturing of motorcycles, household appliances, electronics, paper, food processing, synthetic fibers and garments, as well as textiles and stainless steel products.

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transportation

Transportation

Jiangmen Port is the second largest river port in Guangdong province. The local government plans to develop a harbor industrial zone with heavy industries to include petrochemical and machinery plants, as well as an ocean-based economy. Jiangmen with high speed ferry services to Hong Kong (95 nautical miles) taking about 2.5 hours each way. The city has a mature network of inter-city highway. A network of intra-city roadways has been built since the late 1990s to facilitate industrial integration within the city.



 

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