LINGUIST List 10.1279

Wed Sep 1 1999

Qs: Know-Syntax/Symantics,Emoticons,Grammar Manual

Editor for this issue: James Yuells <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  1. Barbara Need, To Know-Syntax/Semantics
  2. Philipp Hofmann, Emoticons survey
  3. Gary Holton, Grammars for native speakers

Message 1: To Know-Syntax/Semantics

Date: Wed, 1 Sep 1999 14:23:51 -0500 (CDT)
From: Barbara Need <>
Subject: To Know-Syntax/Semantics

Does anyone know of any literature on the syntax and semantics
of the Modern English verb _know_? If not, what about verbs
of knowing in other languages?

I am working on my dissertation on Old English _cunnan_ and
_magan_ and would like to be able to place my discussion of
the meanings and uses of _cunnan_ (one of the OE verbs of
knowing) in a larger context. The committee member I was
talking to could not think of anything.

Thank you,

Barbara Need
University of Chicago

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Message 2: Emoticons survey

Date: Wed, 01 Sep 1999 09:30:27 +0200
From: Philipp Hofmann <>
Subject: Emoticons survey


I just wanted to ask you for a favor. As part of a linguistic paper I'm
doing an online survey about the use of emoticons
(smileys) in online communication. The survey is anonymous and will take
about 10 minutes. I have prepared an online questionnaire which you will
find here:

I will be gathering data until September 4th. I would appreciate it very
much if you lcould publish the link in dome form. Please feel free to
distribute it to whomever you want. Thanks a lot for your help!

Philipp Hofmann
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Message 3: Grammars for native speakers

Date: Wed, 01 Sep 1999 14:23:08 -0800
From: Gary Holton <>
Subject: Grammars for native speakers

Does anyone know of a manual for writing accessible grammars
for native speakers of un(der)documented languages? I'm
thinking of something parallel to Tom Payne's field manual
(Describing Morhosyntax, 1997) but which aims at a
description accessible to a non-technical audience. I seem
to recall seeing such a thing once but cannot find the


 Gary Holton
 Assistant Professor
 Alaska Native Language Center
 P.O. Box 757680
 University of Alaska
 Fairbanks, AK 99775-7680
 (907) 474-6585 [voice]
 (907) 474-6586 [fax]
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