LINGUIST List 10.69

Sun Jan 17 1999

Qs: Mathematics, POS-tagging, Irish sound shifts

Editor for this issue: Jody Huellmantel <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  1. Francisco Gutirrez, Mathematical theory
  2. Mikhailian, Alexander, POS-tagging speed
  3. Clare Catherine Hane, Accents of English in Ireland

Message 1: Mathematical theory

Date: Sat, 16 Jan 1999 09:55:26 -0500
From: Francisco Gutirrez <>
Subject: Mathematical theory

Hi. I am searching for literature about the use of the mathematical
theory of categories in linguistics. Can somebody help me?

Best regards,

Francisco Gutirrez
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Message 2: POS-tagging speed

Date: Sat, 16 Jan 1999 17:20:32 +0200
From: Mikhailian, Alexander <>
Subject: POS-tagging speed

Dear all,

I am writing an overview of POS-tagging algorithms and I want to ask
how fast state-of-the-art POS-taggers are.

Indeed, because POS-tagging accuracy is nowadays relatively high, the
speed of POS-tagger is getting to be a crucial factor for industrial
IR systems.

Information in the following format is welcome:
1. CPU type, CPU speed 
2. Operating System
3. POS tagging speed (Kb/sec, Mb/sec, Kb/hour or Mb/hour)
4. Any additional information.

I will post a summary to the list.

Thank you in advance,

Alexander Mikhailian
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Message 3: Accents of English in Ireland

Date: Sat, 16 Jan 1999 12:56:19 -0600 (CST)
From: Clare Catherine Hane <>
Subject: Accents of English in Ireland

Greetings to LINGUIST.

My name is Clare Hane, and I am currently an intern in Voice and
Speech at the American Repertory Theatre in Cambridge, Mass.

Some of our MFA student actors are studying different regional
dialects of Irish English for application to various monologues,
plays, etc. As any of you in the dialectology business probably know,
it's pretty easy to find materials (vowel charts, taped sources, etc.)
that nail down basic north/south distinctions; however, the boom in
contemporary Irish drama (McDonough, Friel, Keneally, etc.) really
asks for better, narrower research in the sounds of the specific
places being portrayed.

So my question is this: Is there any linguistic resource that
summarizes sound shifts across the entirety of Ireland in fairly
narrow geographic fashion? Scattered references to the "tape-recorded
survey of Hiberno- English speech" do not seem to indicate that the
survey was ever finished. Especially needed are sources (print,
recorded, human) for: (South:) Cork, Kerry, Tipperary; (West:) Galway,
Aran islands; (North:) Ulster, Antrim.

I have the Hughes & Trudgill _English Accents and Dialects_, which
does good treatments on Belfast and Dublin, with breakdowns of the
sound shifts and taped examples of native speakers (not, mind you,
actors); similar treatments for other areas of Ireland are what I

Please email your recommendations to
Thanks so much.
Clare Hane
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