LINGUIST List 10.936

Wed Jun 16 1999

Qs: Academic Presentations, Retroflex Consonants

Editor for this issue: Jody Huellmantel <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate.


  1. Atsuko Umesaki, Questionaire on Academic Presentations
  2. Matthew J. Makashay, Retroflex Consonants

Message 1: Questionaire on Academic Presentations

Date: Wed, 16 Jun 1999 19:56:10 +0900
From: Atsuko Umesaki <>
Subject: Questionaire on Academic Presentations

Questionnaire on academic presentations. Please help us learn more 
about them!
The JACET (Japan Association of College English Teachers) Kansai 
Chapter Oral English Special Interest Group is conducting a research 
project on academic presentations. We would like to ask your help in 
responding to this SHORT questionnaire. 

Please contact to receive the questionnaire.
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Message 2: Retroflex Consonants

Date: Wed, 16 Jun 1999 16:56:12 -0400
From: Matthew J. Makashay <>
Subject: Retroflex Consonants

Dear Linguists,

I am currently looking for information on the phonological patterning
of retroflex consonants, and apical consonants, especially with
regards to any assimilatory processes found in any languages which
have these sounds. Bhat (1974) notes that historically, retroflex
consonants often are limited to contexts where there are only back
vowels either preceding them or following them, referring mostly to
Native American languages and Indic languages.. Though Bhat sites many
languages where retroflex consonants have such skewed distributions -
I have had much difficulty in finding sources illustrating this
phenomenon. I would really appreciate hearing about any phonological
processes - whether synchronic or diachronic - where retroflex
consonants behave as 'back' consonants in some way , or where there is
any implication between retroflex consonants and back vowels.

Please reply directly to me at and I will
post a summary to the list later.

Amanda Miller-Ockhuizen
Dept. of Linguistics
222 Oxley Hall
1712 Neil Avenue
Columbus, Ohio 43210

Phone: (614)292-8878
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