LINGUIST List 11.150

Mon Jan 24 2000

Books: Japanese, Amerindian, Australian Linguistics

Editor for this issue: Scott Fults <scottlinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.

Directory

  1. LINCOM EUROPA, Japanese Phonology: A Functional Approach, T. Akamatsu
  2. LINCOM EUROPA, Amerindian Ling: Jaqaru, M.J. Hardman
  3. LINCOM EUROPA, Australian Ling: Grammatical Structure of the Worora Lang, J.R.B. Love

Message 1: Japanese Phonology: A Functional Approach, T. Akamatsu

Date: Wed, 19 Jan 2000 23:59:44 +0100
From: LINCOM EUROPA <LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de>
Subject: Japanese Phonology: A Functional Approach, T. Akamatsu

Japanese Phonology
A Functional Approach
Tsutomu Akamatsu, University of Leeds

What crucially distinguishes this book from any others previously
published on Japanese phonology is that the approach adopted in this
book is functionalist. The author offers his own phonological analysis
of current standard Japanese (of which he is a native speaker) from a
functional point of view. The objective of the present book is
therefore to present an analysis of the phonic substance (of both
segmental and suprasegmental nature) of Japanese with a view to
identifying and hierarchically classifying the functions that they
fulfil in the phonic substance of the language and making statements
about the actual workings of these functions in Japanese.

The book basically falls into Part I and Part II, each of which
divides into chapters. Part I explains for the benefit of general
readers the theoretical framework, i.e. the framework of functional
linguistics, in which the author's phonological analysis of Japanese
is carried out. The principles and procedures of a phonological
analysis of languages, Japanese in the present case, from a functional
point of view are set out. To this end the author explains, by drawing
on illustrations from English, the various concepts of functional
phonology that are necessarily invoked in analyzing the phonic
substance of languages.

These concepts include 'functions', 'phonology', 'phonological
opposition', 'ex-clusive opposition', 'commutation test', 'distinctive
unit', 'relevant feature', 'phoneme', 'archiphoneme' and
'neutralization'. Part II presents in detail the author's own
phonological analysis of Japanese step by step, that is, by following
the successive analytical procedures, and not just the global results
of his analysis. The phonemes of Japanese are identified through the
commutation test, together with the relevant features which define
them, and the instances of the neutralization of the phonological
oppositions are discovered, and the archiphonemes associated with the
respective neutralizations defined in terms of the relevant
features. The suprasegmental parts dealt with in this book centre on
what the author calls 'moraic unit' which has certain phonological as
well as phonetic implications in Japanese, and on various accentual
patterns which result from certain manners in which accent in this
language is realized. The book ends with the Conclusion, followed by
Notes, References, and Index.

As can easily be seen from its title, this book can rightly be
considered a sister volume to the author's previous book, Japanese
Phonetics: Theory and Practice (1997, Lincom Europa), in which the
phonic substance of Japanese is presented in detail from an
articulatory point of view and the functions of the phonic substance
is deliberately left out of the purview in anticipation of the
publication of thand later book in which Japanese phonology is
presented from a functional point of view.

ISBN 389586 544 3. 
LINCOM Studies in Asian Linguistics 26. 
Ca. 380 pp. EUR 73.62 / USD 98 / DM 144 / pound sterling 51. 

Ordering information for individuals: Please give us your creditcard
no. / expiry date or send us a cheque. Prices in this information
include shipment worldwide by airmail. A standing order for this
series is available with special discounts offered to individual
subscribers. A free copy of LINCOM's millenium catalogue 'project
line 10' is now available from LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.

LINCOM EUROPA, Freibadstr. 3, D-81543 Muenchen, Germany; FAX +49 89
62269494 or +4989 3148909; 
http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA
LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.
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Message 2: Amerindian Ling: Jaqaru, M.J. Hardman

Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 00:11:16 +0100
From: LINCOM EUROPA <LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de>
Subject: Amerindian Ling: Jaqaru, M.J. Hardman

Jaqaru

M.J. HARDMAN
University of Florida

Jaqaru, a member of the Jaqi family of languages (Jaqaru, Kawki,
Aymara), is spoken in the Andes Mountains of Per� by a few thousand
people resident both in Tupe and nearby villages and as migrants in
cities. Children today are all bilingual in Jaqaru and Spanish.
Access to Tupe is by a foot and pack animal road.

The phonemic system distinguishes 36 consonants but only 3 vowels.
Vowel dropping is significant, complex and pervasive, marking case and
phrase structure as well as style.

The language makes extensive use of morphology, with all verbs
carrying several suffixes. Syntax is morphologically marked; verbal
person suffixes mark simultaneously object/subject; data source is
marked at all levels of grammar. Within the nominal system
inclusive/exclusive and humanness are marked.

MJ HARDMAN is Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics at the
University of Florida. She began study of Jaqaru in the fifties and
has since been continually involved with one or another of the Jaqi
languages for which she has written grammars, teaching materials and
cultural studies. She founded INEL (Instituto Nacional de Estudios
Ling��sticos) in Bolivia and the Aymara Language Materials Program at
the University of Florida. Her current research also involves
language and gender and the patterning of worldview in language.

ISBN 3 89586 243 6. 
Languages of the World/Materials 183. 
Ca. 160pp. 
EUR 46.01 / USD 52 / DM 90 / pound sterling 34. 

Ordering information for individuals: Please give us your creditcard
no. / expiry date or send us a cheque. Prices in this information
include shipment worldwide by airmail. A standing order for this
series is available with special discounts offered to individual
subscribers. A free copy of LINCOM's millenium catalogue 'project
line 10' is now available from LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.

LINCOM EUROPA, Freibadstr. 3, D-81543 Muenchen, Germany; FAX +49 89
62269494 or +4989 3148909; 
http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA
LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 3: Australian Ling: Grammatical Structure of the Worora Lang, J.R.B. Love

Date: Thu, 20 Jan 2000 00:14:02 +0100
From: LINCOM EUROPA <LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de>
Subject: Australian Ling: Grammatical Structure of the Worora Lang, J.R.B. Love

The grammatical structure of the Worora language from north-western
Australia

J.R.B. LOVE

This detailed grammar of Worora was written in 1932 by Rev
J.R.B. Love, a pioneer missionary in the rugged Kimberley country of
north Western Australia and has never before been published. Worora is
a polysynthetic language with overarching concord, reminiscent of that
in Bantu languages.

Love provides an insightful description of the four numbers in
pronouns, and the system of four noun classes, whose membership is
based partly on phonological and partly on semantic
characteristics. He provides detailed paradigms of intransitive and
transitive verbs as these vary for tense, mood, voice and polarity.

The Introduction places Worora within its linguistic context,
detailing contact with neighbouring languages. There are then chapters
on The Pronoun, The Noun, The Adjective, The Postposition, The
Conjunction, The Adverb, The Interjection, The Intransitive Verb, The
Transitive Verb, The Verb 'do. say or tell', and Miscellaneous
Notes. An Appendix has comparative vocabulary with other
languages. There is also a specimen of Worora narrative with detailed
analysis. Reflecting the spirit of the age in which he lived, Love
concludes the Introduction with a summary of the manifold complexities
of the language and then opines: 'So the present investigator has come
to the conclusion that, crude and naked savages as they are, the
mental culture of the Worora is not so contemptible.'

Edited by R M W Dixon, Australian National University.

ISBN 3 89586 652 0. 
LINCOM Studies in Australian Languages 04 
Ca. 100pp. EUR 36.81 / USD 48 / DM 72 / pound sterling 25. 


Ordering information for individuals: Please give us your creditcard
no. / expiry date or send us a cheque. Prices in this information
include shipment worldwide by airmail. A standing order for this
series is available with special discounts offered to individual
subscribers. A free copy of LINCOM's millenium catalogue 'project
line 10' is now available from LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.

New address!!

LINCOM EUROPA, Freibadstr. 3, D-81543 Muenchen, Germany; FAX +49 89
62269494 or +4989 3148909; 
http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA
LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue
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