LINGUIST List 11.1873

Wed Sep 6 2000

FYI: Portuguese Corpus, Phonetics URLs

Editor for this issue: Lydia Grebenyova <lydialinguistlist.org>


Directory

  1. Diana Maria de Sousa Marques Pinto dos Santos, Large Portuguese Corpus
  2. karchung, Phonetics URLs (2)

Message 1: Large Portuguese Corpus

Date: Tue, 05 Sep 2000 12:50:53 +0200
From: Diana Maria de Sousa Marques Pinto dos Santos <Diana.Santosinformatics.sintef.no>
Subject: Large Portuguese Corpus

Dear members of the Linguist list,

We would like to announce the release of CETEMP´┐Żblico, a large corpus
(approx. 180 million words) of Portuguese newspaper language from the
Portuguese daily newspaper P´┐Żblico, created by our project as another
initiative to foster R&D in the processing of the Portuguese language.

Please see the corpus page for further details on distribution and
availability:

http://cgi.portugues.mct.pt/cetempublico/

Diana Santos & Paulo Rocha

Computational processing of Portuguese
http://www.portugues.mct.pt/
SINTEF Telecom and Informatics
Box 124 Blindern, N-0314 Oslo, Norway
projectoinformatics.sintef.no

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Message 2: Phonetics URLs (2)

Date: Wed, 06 Sep 2000 10:31:31 +0800
From: karchung <karchungccms.ntu.edu.tw>
Subject: Phonetics URLs (2)


 Phonetics URLs (2) 
 (follow-up to posting on Aug. 27, 2000 LINGUIST 11.1812)

	I got a number of very nice notes from people who found the
phonetics URL list useful. What a nice feeling - thanks for your
feedback! I also received some additions and an emendation which
I have edited and pasted in below. 
	These are followed by a few more sites I found and like. The
real trick in finding good sites seems to be coming up with good
key words: 'epiglottis' was excellent, 'spectrograph' and
'affricate' were good, 'formant' and 'voice onset time' were not
as useful. So to get a good answer, you need a good question!
Also, search engines like google.com really *do* give you the
best sites first; very often the first one listed will be a very,
very good one and you don't really need to bother with the rest,
if you think you've got what you want. But then there are always
curiosity and greed to spur you on, and sometimes you do find
more treasures if you persist.
	I especially recommend the interactive physics tutorial on waves
for anybody who will be trying to make acoustic phonetics more
palatable and comprehensible to undergrads (and oneself as
well!). 

	Do continue to send over good URLs if you find them and I'll
summarize yet again if warranted.

		
Karen Steffen Chung
National Taiwan University						
karchungccms.ntu.edu.tw


(1) Mon, 28 Aug 2000 13:56:40 +0200
From: Hugo Quene <Hugo.Quenelet.uu.nl>

Here is an addition to your collection of phonetic URLs as posted on
LINGUIST. It's a website of audio demonstrations. Although it's mainly
in Dutch, some parts of it are also quite popular with foreign users:
Cardinal Vowels by Daniel Jones, Speech Synthesis by Dennis Klatt.
URL is < http://www.let.uu.nl/~audiufon/ > The provisional title of the
website is "AudiUFon". Thanks for your excellent summary of URLs !!
Hugo Quene

	(Note: This site has a lot of interesting phonetics-related
topics [some in English, but take a crack at the Dutch if you
know English, German and have a Dutch-English dictionary!]. I
found particularly interesting examples of post-laryngectomy
esophageal [a tricky word to pronounce!] speech
['slokdarmspraak'], artificial larynx ['kunstlarynx'] speech, and
'Staffeiri-methode' speech. The 'overtone singing' example is
excellent - very clear. There are lots of other good
speech-related topics to explore, like the particular way in
which disc jockeys, or royalty, speak, and emotion in
singing. 									 -KSC)

(2) Wed, 30 Aug 2000 10:04:01 -0600
From: Caroline Smith <carolineunm.edu>

Just one suggestion for an addition: The home page for the IPA web
site is actually http://www2.arts.gla.ac.uk/IPA/ipa.html and from
there one can get to this page http://web.uvic.ca/ling/ipa/handbook/
where you can download audio (WAV) files for all the Illustrations of
the IPA in the new IPA Handbook. This could be a great tool for
teaching transcription, as it provides lots of examples of
transcription of words and short texts.

Caroline L. Smith
Department of Linguistics
University of New Mexico
Humanities 526
Albuquerque, NM 87131-1196


(3) Mon, 28 Aug 2000 15:31:29 +0800
From: "GONG Qunhu & YANG Yuzhi" <qhgongstu.edu.cn> 

Thanks for your nice posting, I have forwarded it to mainland Zhongguo
yuwen (Chinese language and writing) mailing list. About IPA (font
and inputting device) suitable for Mandarin or other Chinese dialects,
we have a setup file at http://gongqunhu.home.sohu.com or
http://gongqunhu.y365.com . Some very common symbols are not provided
in SIL free fonts.

Gong Qunhu

(Note: I have installed this but not quite gotten it up and
running. I've been feeling the lack of special IPA symbols for
Mandarin in the SIL fonts [as wonderful as they are], especially
for the retroflex and apical/dental vowels in represented in the
Pinyin shi and si. One problem with this fix for Taiwan users is
it uses the GB input system for Chinese characters, while we use
Big5 in Taiwan. You can overcome this obstacle with a character
conversion system like Kanjiweb, but it's an extra procedure to
work in and around. Also, this software doesn't seem to have the
symbols I'm accustomed to using for the two vowels mentioned
above. But this might be a good resource for GB input system
users. 								-KSC)


*************************************************
Some more sites I found with google.com:
*************************************************

(1) Bucknell University (PA): Linguistics 105 and 110 pages

	Links to pages on lots of linguistics-related topics; cybermusic
slows down loading time - wish they'd omit this homey feature!

a. Linguistics 105:

http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/ln105.html#extra

b. Linguistics 110:

http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/ln110.html

c. Consonant exercises:

http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/conson.html

	There is an accompanying 'quiz' but I think it has bugs - e.g. I
couldn't find any 'affricates' in the list of possible answers
for that question, but the 'answer' said there were two; I don't
get it.

d. Vowel exercises:

http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/vowels.html

e. Clickable phonemes in a cross-section of the head - linked to
from site #1; requires Shockwave; these two take a while to load,
especially the consonants.

e-1. Vowels:
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/ln105/vowel/index.html

e-2. Consonants:
http://www.departments.bucknell.edu/linguistics/ln105/cons/index.html


(2) The Mouton Interactive Introduction to Phonetics and
Phonology ('sneak preview edition')

	More clickable phonemes in a cross-section of a head; requires
Shockwave plug-in. Three demos: (1) IPA pulmonic consonants and
(2) cardinal vowels; (3) is on human hearing (only outer ear
graphic intro [no sound] is available); worth checking out.

http://www.uni-marburg.de/linguistik/dgweb/phonology/index.htm


(3) Georgetown University Intro to Linguistics site

	Links to pages on many linguistic topics, including
phonetics/phonology (unfortunately the 'scripts of the world'
link seems to be out of order); also links to more collections of
links.

http://www.georgetown.edu/cball/ling001/intro-resources.html


(4) Acoustic cues in differentiating phonemes

	Isolating acoustic cues in phoneme recognition; descriptions,
sound files; good companion to chapter 11 of Fry (see (6)). 

http://www.phon.ucl.ac.uk/home/val/spahow.htm


(5) Simplified Vowel Synthesis Interface

	Set F0, F1, F2, and duration in ms yourself, and see what you
come up with. Links to more complex CV synthesis and general
synthesis interfaces.

http://www.asel.udel.edu/speech/tutorials/synthesis/vowels.html


***** (6) Zona Land

	Excellent interactive tutorials on the physics of waves (with
links to other seductive physics topics); I find them to be
well-matched companions to D. B. Fry's _The Physics of Speech_
(Cambridge - referred to in 4.); example of things you can do at
this site: draw two waves yourself then watch how they interfere
with each other. VRML plug-in required for some parts. Wow!
Highly recommended.*****
	Contact address: zonamind.net

http://id.mind.net/~zona/mstm/physics/waves/waves.html


(7) Here is another good physics tutorial site with units on
waves and decibels; this has dense and very instructive
explanatory texts, along with animated graphics; I personally
find this better for instructor preparation rather than class
use; never mind the occasional typos - the explanations are very
detailed and top quality.

a. waves
http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/Class/sound/soundtoc.html

b. decibels
http://www.glenbrook.k12.il.us/gbssci/phys/Class/sound/u11l2b.html


(8) QuickTime samples of some audible frequencies (100 to 5,000
Hz), along with other information on waves.

http://www.cord.edu/dept/physics/p128/lecture99_35.html


(9) Understanding decibels (From: _Handbook for Acoustic
Ecology_)
	Technical but clear and potentially useful. Sound files.

http://www.sfu.ca/sonic-studio/Decibel.html


(10) Decibel level demo (compare sounds with an increasingly
lower decibel level)

http://www.measure.demon.co.uk/Acoustics_Software/db_demo.html


(11) Decibel level list

http://www.coolmath.com/decibels1.htm



TAPE

	And I might as well throw in this tape (with accompanying
textbook) I found in our audio-visual library: _The Phonetic
Description of Voice Quality_. John Laver. Cambridge University
Press. 1980. Contains descriptions and (mostly RP) examples of
many different articulatory settings (e.g. nasalized, lip
rounding, raised larynx) that affect vocal quality. Not something
to listen to straight through in one sitting, but good for
examples to play in class.

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