LINGUIST List 11.2025

Sun Sep 24 2000

Books: Typology, Discourse

Editor for this issue: Naomi Ogasawara <naomilinguistlist.org>


Links to the websites of all LINGUIST's supporting publishers are available at the end of this issue.

Directory

  1. Gillian Caglayan, Evidentials-Turkic, Iranian & Neighbouring Languages, Johanson & Utas
  2. Gillian Caglayan, Discourse: From Cognitive Semantics to Lexical Pragmatics, K. Fischer
  3. Gillian Caglayan, Discourse and the Continuity of Reference: C. Zelinsky-Wibbelt

Message 1: Evidentials-Turkic, Iranian & Neighbouring Languages, Johanson & Utas

Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2000 15:27:54 +0200
From: Gillian Caglayan <G.CaglayandeGruyter.de>
Subject: Evidentials-Turkic, Iranian & Neighbouring Languages, Johanson & Utas

New publication from Mouton de Gruyter

>From the Series
Empirical Approaches to Language Typology
Series Editors: Georg Bossong and Bernard Comrie


Lars Johanson and Bo Utas (Editors)
Evidentials
Turkic, Iranian and Neighbouring Languages

2000. 15,5 x 23 cm. IX, 499 pages
Cloth. DM 178,- /EUR 91,01 /�S 1299,- /sFr 158,- /approx. US$ 89.00
ISBN 3-11-016158-3
(Empirical Approaches to Language Typology 24)


This volume deals with the frequently mis-interpreted evidential
categories - grammaticalised expressions of subjective 'experience' -
found in the verbal systems of Turkic and Iranian languages as well as
in some of their Slavic, Finno-Ugric, Tungusic, Caucasian and Armenian
contact languages. Much of the data presented has not been subject to
close linguistic analysis before. The book, written by specialists in
their respective fields, aims at placing language-specific data in a
more general framework as a contribution to the typological discussion
of evidential categories in the languages of the world.

CONTENTS
Preface

Bernard Comrie
Evidentials: Semantics and History

TURKIC LANGUAGES
Ayhan Aksu-Koc
Some aspects of the acquisition of evidentials in Turkish

�va �gnes Csat�
Turkish MIS- and IMIS-items. Dimension of a functional analysis

Arienne Dwyer
Direct and indirect experience in Salar

Lars Johanson
Turkic indirectives

Filiz Kiral
Reflections on -MIS in Khalaj

Astrid Menz
Indirectivity in Gagauz

Christoph Schroeder
Between resultative, historical and inferential: non-finite -MIS forms
in Turkish

IRANIAN LANGUAGES
Christiane Bulut
Indirectivity in Kurmanji

Carina Jahani
Expressions of indirectivity in spoken Modern Persian

Gilbert Lazard
Le m�diatif: consid�rations th�oriques et applications � l'iranien

John R. Perry
Epistemic verb forms in Persian of Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan

Bo Utas
Traces of evidentiality in Classical New Persian

OTHER LANGUAGE AREAS
Winfried Boeder
Evidentiality in Georgian

Victor A. Friedman
Confirmative/nonconfirmative in Balkan Slavic, Balkan Romance, and
Albanian with additional observations on Turkish, Romani, Georgian, and Lak

Gunilla Gren-Eklund
Evidentiality and typology: grammatical functions in Burmese and the
early stages of Indo-European languages

Bo Isaksson
Expressions of evidentiality in two Semitic languages: Hebrew and Arabic

Natalia Kozintseva
Perfect forms as a means of expressing evidentiality in modern Eastern
Armenian

Marja Leinonen
Evidentiality in Komi Zyryan

Andrej L. Malchukov
Perfect, evidentiality and related categories in Tungusic languages

Anju Saxena
Evidentiality in Kinnauri

Index of terms


Lars Johanson is Professor of Turcology at the University of Mainz,
Germany.
Bo Utas is Professor of Iranian Studies at the University of Uppsala,
Sweden.


For more information please contact the publisher:
Mouton de Gruyter
Genthiner Str. 13
10785 Berlin, Germany
Fax: +49 30 26005 222
e-mail: ordersdegruyter.de

Please visit our website for other publications by Mouton de Gruyter
http://www.degruyter.com
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Message 2: Discourse: From Cognitive Semantics to Lexical Pragmatics, K. Fischer

Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2000 16:01:32 +0200
From: Gillian Caglayan <G.CaglayandeGruyter.de>
Subject: Discourse: From Cognitive Semantics to Lexical Pragmatics, K. Fischer

New Publication from Mouton de Gruyter

Kerstin Fischer
>From Cognitive Semantics to Lexical Pragmatics
The Functional Polysemy of Discourse Particles

2000. 23 x 15,5 cm. IX, 374 pages.
Cloth. DM 158,- /EUR 80,78 /�S 1153,- /sFr 141,- /approx. US$ 79.00
ISBN 3-11-016876-6


Discourse particles, like YES, WELL, or UHM, fulfil a large number of
functions in spoken language, from helping the speakers manage their
speech to structuring the text for the hearer or preserving the
speakers' faces.

This book presents a cognitive semantic model of what the whole range of
functions is that English and German discourse particles can fulfil, how
these functions are related, why discourse particles fulfil just these
functions and not others, and what factors condition their
interpretation.

Methodologically, conversation analysis and various methods from lexical
semantics, such as field analysis and semantic decomposition, as well as
contrastive studies are combined with the statistical analyses of large
corpora, simulation experiments involving supervised learning in
artificial neural networks, and the representation of the results in a
computational lexicon. This methodologically interdisciplinary study
thus does not only present a general model of polysemy which includes
structural aspects, a conceptual background frame, and the contribution
of the lexeme, it also provides full coverage for the functional
readings of discourse particles and a unified definition of the word
class.

Contents

INTRODUCTION: THE DOMAIN
Aims
Definition
Corpora
Methods
The structure of the following

CONTEXTS AND CATEGORIES: FUNCTIONAL INTERPRETATION
The functional spectrum of German JA
Category assignment
Consequences for lexical representation: Constructions

CONCEPTUAL BACKGROUND FRAME: EVIDENCE FROM EXTRA-LINGUISTIC VARIABLES
The variable "communication partner"
The variable "speaker's gender"
Consequences for lexical representation: Conceptual background frame

LEXICAL ANALYSIS
Semantic relations
Semantic decomposition
Consequences for lexical representation: Invariant meanings

LEXICAL REPRESENTATION
A unified model of the meanings and functions of discourse particles
Aspects of the lexicon
A frame- and construction-based lexicon for discourse particles

CONCLUSION AND PROSPECTS
>From cognitive semantics to lexical pragmatics
Automatic processing of discourse particles


References
Appendix A: Questionnaire
Appendix B: DATR Program
Index


For more information please contact the publisher:
Mouton de Gruyter
Genthiner Str. 13
10785 Berlin, Germany
Fax: +49 30 26005 222
e-mail: ordersdegruyter.de

Please visit our website for other publications by Mouton de Gruyter
http://www.degruyter.com


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Message 3: Discourse and the Continuity of Reference: C. Zelinsky-Wibbelt

Date: Fri, 22 Sep 2000 16:22:12 +0200
From: Gillian Caglayan <G.CaglayandeGruyter.de>
Subject: Discourse and the Continuity of Reference: C. Zelinsky-Wibbelt

New Publication from Mouton de Gruyter

Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt
Discourse and the Continuity of Reference
Representing Mental Categorization

2000. 23 x 15,5 cm. XI, 354 pages.
Cloth. DM 168,- /EUR 85,90 /�S 1226,- /sFr 150,- /approx. US$ 84.00
ISBN 3-11-016765-4

How many meanings does a word have and how do speakers agree in them in
all possible discourse situations? This question addresses the problem
of coping with the distinction between lexical vagueness and polysemy
and with the creation of new meanings. The complexity of this objective
becomes most obvious in lexicography and computational linguistics.

The author deals with this question as a problem of reference, of how
speakers refer consistently to their environment by means of mental
models. Criteria for the representation of this cognitive phenomenon are
drawn from a discussion of the philosophy of language and mind as well
as cognitive psychology and experimental psycholinguistics.

The selected method is set up within the framework of cognitive
linguistics along with an elaboration of a theory of mental
categorization. Theory and method join in a unification-based formalism
to represent how polysemy develops metonymically within discourse
domains and metaphorically across discourse domains.

By resolving the count-mass metonymy with a fragment of grammatical
default rules in a German-English machine translation system the
unification-based representation is validated.

Dr. Cornelia Zelinsky-Wibbelt is lecturer in English Linguistics at the
University of Hanover.

>From the Contents:

Preface
List of figures
Introduction
Philosophical issues in reference and truth
Psychological theories of reference and categorization
Selecting the psychological model of reference
Representing mental categorization
Domains of the conceptual type hierarchy
Representing discourse domains
Metonymy and metaphor as universals
Contextual functions
Representing token vs. type reference
General conclusions and perspectives
References
Index

For more information please contact the publisher:
Mouton de Gruyter
Genthiner Str. 13
10785 Berlin, Germany
Fax: +49 30 26005 222
e-mail: ordersdegruyter.de

Please visit our website for other publications by Mouton de Gruyter
http://www.degruyter.com



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Thursday, September 21, 2000
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