LINGUIST List 11.2430

Thu Nov 9 2000

TOC: Studies in Language

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  1. Paul Peranteau, Studies in Language, 24:2, 2000

Message 1: Studies in Language, 24:2, 2000

Date: Thu, 09 Nov 2000 09:27:35 -0500
From: Paul Peranteau <paulbenjamins.com>
Subject: Studies in Language, 24:2, 2000

Studies in Language 24:2 (2000)

� John Benjamins Publishing Company

Articles
Mahamane L. Abdoulaye (pp. 235-275)
Passive and grammaticalization in Hausa

David Beck (pp. 277-317)
Semantic agents, syntactic subjects, and discourse topics: How to locate
Lushootseed sentences in space and time

Robert Botne and Stuart Davis (pp. 319-344)
Language games, segment imposition, and the syllable

Ulrich Detges (pp. 345-377)
Time and truth: The grammaticalization of resultatives and perfects within
a theory of subjectification

Connie Dickinson (pp. 379-422)
Mirativity in Tsafiki

Review Article
Maggie Tallerman (pp. 423-439)

Book Reviews

Johan van der Auwera: Adverbial constructions in the languages of Europe
(M� Jes�s P�rez Quintero)

Leon Stassen: Intransitive predication (Barry J. Blake)

Leonid Kulikov and Heinz Vater (eds.): Typology of verbal categories:
Papers presented to Vladimir Nedjalkov on the occasion of his 70th birthday
(Nina Sumbatova)

Hella Olbertz: Verbal periphrases in a functional grammar of Spanish (Rena
Torres Cacoullos)

Betty J. Birner and Gregory Ward: Information status and noncanonical word
order in English (Kleanthes K. Grohmann)

Book Notices

Kathryn Anne Davis: Language planning in multilingual contexts (Julie
Whitlow)
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------
ABSTRACTS:

Passive and grammaticalization in Hausa
Mahamane L. Abdoulaye

Hausa uses a (...)LH -u verbal morphology to derive (i) typical passive
forms with an optional intensive/completive meaning, and (ii) some
non-passive verbs with an obligatory intensive meaning and which are based
on intransitive verbs. After a detailed description of the two forms, I
propose that originally, the (...)LH -u morphology was only applied to
intransitive middle verbs to derive intensive forms. Later however, the
(...)LH -u morphology was grammaticalized and applied to transitive verbs
to derive passive forms. I will show that the Hausa passive has continued
its grammaticalization process, weakening its intensive and stative
semantics, and allowing non-patient nominals to be passive subjects. This
analysis implies that previously, Hausa had no passive, and this fits with
the general situation in Chadic languages where indeed passive is a rare
construction.

Semantic agents, syntactic subjects, and discourse topics: How to locate
Lushootseed sentences in space and time
David Beck

The Salishan language Lushootseed has been claimed to lack both syntactic
subjects and morphosyntactically transitive clauses, a problematic stance
from a universalist/typological point of view. This paper offers evidence
both for the syntactic role of subject in Lushootseed and the existence of
transitive clauses, and examines the sentence- and discourse-level
properties of Lushootseed subjects that make them essential for the
grounding of events and discourse in both space and time. Their centrality
to the discourse-organization of the language, and hence their
recoverability, allows their frequent -- and, in transitive clauses,
obligatory -- elision from the surface form of sentences.

Language games, segment imposition, and the syllable
Robert Botne and Stuart Davis

Language games in which the phonological forms of words are systematically
altered have been well-studied from a typological perspective. The two most
common types of language games entail the transposition of phonological
constituents (usually syllables) and the addition of phonemes at one or
more locations within the word. Here we examine the latter type, proposing
a novel distinction between insertion-type games and imposition-type games
(exemplified, for example, by Spanish grande, which has the language game
form grafandefe). In previous studies, imposition-type games have been
analyzed formally as inserting a CV-template after each vowel of the word.
We propose instead that such games involve the imposition of a consonant
articulation upon the vowel. Not only is this approach conceptually simpler
than the templatic approach, but it also provides an unproblematic account
of diphthongal behavior, a natural explanation for the high frequency of
inserted labial consonants, and independent support for the concept of the
demisyllable.

Time and truth: The grammaticalization of resultatives and perfects within
a theory of subjectification
Ulrich Detges

This paper is concerned with the "invisible hand" behind the polygenetic
pathways of semantic change in grammaticalization. A comparison between Old
English habban + Past Participle and Spanish tener + Past Participle brings
to light specific discourse strategies which speakers use resultatives for.
On the basis of this analysis, the paper re-examines the problem of
explaining the shift from non- temporal to temporal meaning. It is argued
that this shift is brought about by some very basic discourse strategies
which are strong motives for repeated meaning change in the same direction.

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