LINGUIST List 11.94

Tue Jan 18 2000

Qs: Phonology/Flap, Japanese/English: CA Approach

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  1. Jorge Guitart, Phonology: American English Flap
  2. Hideki.Saigo, With regard to a CA approach

Message 1: Phonology: American English Flap

Date: Mon, 17 Jan 2000 17:21:39 -0500 (EST)
From: Jorge Guitart <>
Subject: Phonology: American English Flap

Can anybody tell me why the classic A Pronouncing Dictionary of American
English by Kenyon and Knott--I have the 4th edition (1953)--does not
recognize the existence of the American English Flap? (AEF). The AEF is
not listed among the sounds of American English and all words with
intervocalic /t/ and /d/ (e.g., petal, pedal, writer, rider, etc.) are
transcribed as being pronounced with [t] and [d] respectively. 

Incidentally, the standard dictionary I use, The American Heritage
Dictionary of the English Language (Houghton Mifflin 1992) does not
recognize the existence of the AEF either.

Is there a contemporary pronouncing dictionary of AE that recognizes
that /t/ and /d/ are flapped where they are?

Jorge Guitart
SUNY Buffalo
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Message 2: With regard to a CA approach

Date: Sun, 16 Jan 2000 16:08:56 +0000
From: Hideki.Saigo <>
Subject: With regard to a CA approach

I am a PhD student of the University of Durham, working on
inter-cultural interaction between Japanese native speakers and English
native speakers in Japanese language. 

Although I am very keen to investigate my topic using CA techniques, it
seems very difficult and complicated to apply a CA approach to data in a
language other than the language of analysis. 

I would therefore greatly appreciate it if anyone would give me any
advice or information with regard to the matter above. Especially, I
welcome any responses from PhD students who face the same problem.

Hideki Saigo (
Dept. of Linguistics and English Language
University of Durham
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