LINGUIST List 12.455
Tue Feb 20 2001
Books: Hebrew Linguistics (Grammar)
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- LINCOM EUROPA, Hebrew Linguistics (Grammar): Modern Hebrew by O. Schwarzwald
Message 1: Hebrew Linguistics (Grammar): Modern Hebrew by O. Schwarzwald
Date: Mon, 19 Feb 2001 17:44:40 +0100
From: LINCOM EUROPA <LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de>
Subject: Hebrew Linguistics (Grammar): Modern Hebrew by O. Schwarzwald
ORA (RODRIGUE) SCHWARZWALD
Bar Ilan University
Modern Hebrew revival in Israel during the last century is a unique
phenomenon: a written language used by Jews over 1700 years for either
liturgy or writing has become a spoken language used for all purposes.
Although the revivers of Hebrew tried to base the spoken language on
the grammar of Hebrew classical periods, the phonetic and grammatical
structure of Modern Hebrew shows divergence from it due to various
New words in Modern Hebrew are derived primarily in three ways: 1.
combination of a consonantal root with pattern, e.g. g-d-l+-i-e- >
gidel 'raised,' g-d-l+mi--a- > migdal 'tower'; 2. stem + affix,
e.g. bank+ay > bankay 'banker,' migdal+i > migdali 'tower-like';
3. blends, e.g. migdal + 'or 'light' > migdalor 'lighthouse.' Loan
words are added from various sources with some phonetic adaptation,
e.g. bank, telefon, and can follow Hebrew derivational rules,
e.g. telefoni 'of the phone (adj),' t-l-f-n+-i-e- > tilfen 'telephoned
All verbs are derived by root and (seven) patterns' combination,
unlike nouns. There are three tenses and one mood in the verb. Nouns
are either masculine or feminine. Person inflection in the verbs is
obligatory, and so is preposition inflection. Nouns and adjectives are
inflected for number and gender, but possessive inflection is limited
in nouns, e.g. yadi ~ hayad s^eli 'my hand.'
Modern Hebrew is an SVO language with an alternating VSO word order
that was dominant in classical Hebrew. Topicalization and other word
order shifts are possible. Adjectives follow head nouns, but numeral
quantifiers precede them. Nominal sentences with no copula are very
common in Hebrew, e.g. hi yafa 'she (is) beautiful.' Copulative verbs
are obligatory in the past or the future tense.
The lexicon of Modern Hebrew is composed of original Hebrew words from
all its language periods together with loan words. Semantic shifts
occur in many original words, however, a lot of the changes are due to
loan translations or loan shifts.
ISBN 3 89586 144 8
Languages of the World/Materials 127.
96pp. USD 36 / DM 64 / � 22.
New: A Students' and course discount of 40% is offered to the above title.
Ordering information for individuals: Please give us your creditcard
no. / expiry date. Prices in this information include shipment
worldwide by airmail. A standing order for this series is available
with special discounts offered to individual subscribers.
Free copies of LINCOM's new catalogue for 2001 (project line 11) are
available from LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de.
LINCOM EUROPA, Freibadstr. 3, D-81543 Muenchen, Germany;
FAX +49 89 62269404;
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February 16, 2001