LINGUIST List 13.1720

Tue Jun 18 2002

Diss: Syntax: Pirvulescu "Le concept de..."

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Message 1: Syntax: Pirvulescu "Le concept de paradigme..."

Date: Mon, 17 Jun 2002 13:56:18 +0000
From: ma.pirvulescu <ma.pirvulescuutoronto.ca>
Subject: Syntax: Pirvulescu "Le concept de paradigme..."


New Dissertation Abstract

Institution: University of Toronto
Program: Department of French Studies
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2002

Author: Mihaela Pirvulescu 

Dissertation Title: 
Le concept de paradigme et la morphologie verbale

Linguistic Field: Syntax, Morphology

Subject Language: Romanian 
Dissertation Director 1: Yves Roberge


Dissertation Abstract: 

In this thesis it is proposed that a morphological distinction between
parasitic paradigms and true paradigms exists in natural
languages. The distinction is based on the specific assumption that
the notion of 'paradigm' is relevant in the organization of
inflectional affixes in verbal systems (cf. Williams 1981, 1994,
Carstairs 1987, Wunderlich 1995, di Sciullo 1999) and on the empirical
observation that, in the verbal paradigms of the Romanian language,
one can notice that some paradigmatic patterns of different moods are
very similar (e.g. present subjunctive and present indicative
paradigms, present imperative and present indicative). An examination
of the paradigms for the present of the subjunctive and indicative in
standard romance languages (Romanian, French, Spanish, Italian,
Portuguese and Latin) then leads me to propose that it is only when
there are distinct realizations (with respect to other paradigms) for
the second person singular and plural that a true paradigm pattern
is to be expected.

Assuming that there is an interface between syntax and morphology and
that some morphological information is pertinent for the syntactic
module, I make the hypothesis that the paradigmatic pattern is
pertinent for the interface between syntax and morphology: it is
proposed that this pattern is in correlation with the functional
make-up of the phrase, in particular with the tense representation. A
detailed analysis of Romanian subjunctives and imperatives is
undertaken in which I propose that those moods, which display
parasitic paradigms, lack a syntactic tense representation. It is
proposed that the subjunctive is only a MoodP and the imperative only
a vP and that the agreement affixes are obtained through a minimal
checking mechanism for the subjunctive and through a default
morphological mechanism for imperatives. Various consequences are
discussed. For subjunctive: the status of the NP subject, the past
subjunctive, the representation of a complex future which uses the
subjunctive verb form. For imperative: the illocutionary force, the
imperatives with theme vowel. The inflected infinitives in Portuguese
and Hungarian are shown to provide further support for the main
hypothesis: the correlation between parasitic paradigms and the lack
of tense in the syntactic representation.
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