LINGUIST List 13.3134

Mon Dec 2 2002

Books: Language Desc/Native American Ling: Hardman

Editor for this issue: Richard John Harvey <>

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  1. LINCOM EUROPA, Aymara, MJ Hardman

Message 1: Aymara, MJ Hardman

Date: 26 Nov 2002 21:32 GMT
Subject: Aymara, MJ Hardman


MJ Hardman
University of Florida, Gainesville

Aymara, a member of the Jaqi family of languages (Jaqaru, Kawki,
Aymara), is a language of the high Andean plain between the highest
peaks of the Andes mountains and of the shores of the world's highest
navigable lake. Aymara is the first language of approximately
one-third of the population ofBoli via, the dominant language of the
southern area of Per� throughout Puno and down towards the coast in
Moquegua, Tacna, with branches into Arequipa, and is the indigenous
language of northern Chile.

Aymara is a suffixing language with complex morphophonemics. The bulk
of the grammatical resources are found within the morphology. Syntax
is morphologically marked; verbal person suffixes mark simultaneously
object/subject; data source is marked at all levels of grammar.
Within the nominal system inclusive/exclusive and humanness are

The Aymara sentence is defined by the use of sentence suffixes. These
sentence suffixes are independent of root classes and may occur on all
classes. Every sentence must be marked by one or more sentence suffix,
which serves to define the sentence type. Aymara has 26 consonant
phonemes and three vowel phonemes. Fifteen of the consonants are
voiceless stops which occur in five contrasting positions of
articulation; and in three manners. Vowel dropping is significant,
complex and pervasive, marking case and phrase structure as well as

MJ Hardman is Professor of Anthropology and Linguistics at the
University of Florida. She began the study of Aymara in the sixties
and has since been continually involved with one or another of the
Jaqi languages for which she has written grammars, teaching materials
and cultural studies. She founded INEL (Instituto Nacional de
Estudios Lingu�sticos) in Bolivia and the Aymara Language Materials
Program at the University of Florida. Her current research also
involves language and gender and the patterning of worldview in

ISBN 3 89586 975 9.
LINCOM Studies in Native American Linguistics 35.
360 pp. USD 76.40 / EUR 77.70 / GBP 50.90. (2nd printing)

Telephone order (5pm-9am GMT only): +49 89 4444 99 00

Free copies of LINCOM's catalogue 2003 (project line 13) are available
in December from

Mini order: Individuals who order two or more titles or copies of one
title receive a discount of 30%.

LINCOM EUROPA, Freibadstr. 3, D-81543 Muenchen, Germany;
FAX +49 89 62269404;
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