LINGUIST List 13.3243

Tue Dec 10 2002

Sum: A Diss on Insults

Editor for this issue: Steve Moran <>


  1. sergio scalise, Re: insults ....

Message 1: Re: insults ....

Date: Thu, 05 Dec 2002 12:04:24 +0100
From: sergio scalise <>
Subject: Re: insults ....


Some time ago I asked if somebody could help me with a basic
bibliography on "insults" (Linguist 13.2997) (for a student of mine
who was willing to write her thesis on this topic). To my great
surprise, I discovered that this is a very rich field: there a
specific journal, called ...'Maledicta' and there is even a Congress
to be organized on the topic (Dominique Lagorgette).

I always liked the habit of LINGUIST to publish the results of the
queries, and here is the bibliography I collected.

(NOTA BENE: the bibliography is NOT accurate: there are question
marks, incomplete data, I did not check whether any item is 100
relevant, I did not try to make a distinction between different speech
acts such as insulting or cursing, etc. but nevertheless I thought it
may be a useful starting point for those who would like to learn
something more about this particular kind of!).
Many, many thanks to the colleagues that answered to my
query: first of all
Dominque Lagorgette and Francisco Yus, whose bibliographical
information on the topic is vaste. 

But my thanks also go to Clyde Hankey, Pierre Pica, Ole Sig Andersen,
Lorenzo Coveri, Gaetano Berruto, Piermarco Bertinetto, May Kuha,
Cristiana Caronna, Pete Unseth, P.Kaszubski, Donald Stahl (hoping not
to forget anybody).
	With my regards (and gratitude to LINGUIST),
	Sergio Scalise
Agovi,-Kofi, A King Is Not Above Insult: The Politics of Good
Governance in Nzema Avudwene Festival Songs, 47-61 IN Furniss,-Graham
(ed.); Gunner,-Liz (ed.). Power, Marginality and African Oral
Literature. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1995. xiv, 285 pp.
Aman R. (1980), "Clean up your fexing language! Or, how to swear violently
without offending anyone", Maledicta, IV, 5-11.
Ardener,-Shirley-G, Sexual Insult and Female Militancy.
Man:-The-Journal-of-the-Royal-Anthropological-Institute. London W1M 9LA,
England. 1973; 8: 422-40
Arnovick, Leslie K. 1999. Diachronic pragmatics. Seven case studies in
english illocutionary development, Philadelphie: Benjamins.
Ayoub,-Millicent-R; Barnett,-Stephen-A, Ritualized Verbal Insult in
White High School Culture Journal-of-American-Folklore. Buffalo,
NY. 1965; 78: 337-344
Avorgbedor,-Daniel-K Freedom to Sing, License to Insult: The Influence of
Halo Performance on Social Violence among the Anlo Ewe, Oral-Tradition
(OT). 1994 Mar; 9(1): 83-112
Baldanza,-Frank, Jean Rhys on Insult and Injury, 105-116 IN
Biles,-Jack-I. (ed.-&-introd.); Kramer,-Victor-A. (foreword). British
vNovelists since 1900. New York : AMS, 1987. x, 358 pp.
Barringer,-Bob Adding Insult to the Inquiry: A Study of Rhetorical
Jousting in Beowulf In-Geardagum:
(InG). 1998; 19: 19-26
Beaudry,-Mary-C, Insult and Slander in Seventeenth-Century Virginia
Folklore-and-Folklife-in-Virginia. 1979; 1: 42-51
Beaumatin, Eric & garcia, michel (E9ds.). 1995. Atalaya, 5,
"L'Invective au moyen E2ge: France, Espagne, Italie: actes du
colloque...", Paris: Presses de la Sorbonne Nouvelle; "Introduction",
pp.5-8 et "Pour rendre compte", pp.259-262.
Beaumatin, Eric. 1995. "La violence verbale. Pr�alables � une mise
en perspective linguistique", Atalaya, 5; pp.21-35.
Beebe L.M. (1997), "Rude Awakenings: Ways of Responding to Rudeness.",
Pragmatics and Language Learning, L.F. Bouton (ed.), Urbana-Champaign,
IL: Division of English as an International Language, University of
Illinois, vol. 8, 1-35.
Beldavs,-Aija-Veldre, I Sing Out Nine, You're Working on One:
Historical Latvian Ritual Insult Song
-The-Humanities-and-Social-Sciences (DAIA). 2001 Aug; 62(2): 707
Blish,-Jame, The Climate of Insult.
Sewanee-Review. Sewanee, TN. 1972; 80: 340-46
Bonvini, Emile. 1995. "L'Injure dans les langues africaines", Faits de
langue, 6; pp.153-162.
Bricker V.R. (1973), "Three Genres of Tzotzil Insult", Meaning in
Mayan languages, Edmonson M.S. (ed.), The Hague, Mouton.
Brown,-Donald, The Perceived Insult: A Comparative Study of Offensive
Language in the Perceptions of Black and White College Students
Indiana U, PA 15705
1996, 56, 11, May, 4378-A. Available from UMI, Ann Arbor, MI. Order
No. DA9608012.
Burke,-Peter , The Art of Insult in Early Modern Italy Emmanuel Coll,
Cambridge CB2 3AP England Culture-and-History; 1987, 2, 68-79.
Candy B., Celebrity Insults collection(Men)
Candy B., Celebrity Insults collection(Women)
Caronna C. (2001), "La Negaci�n de la sexualidad Femenina como Condici�n
Esencial para la Aceptaci�n en el Gremio: los insultos de carE1cter
sexual en la sociedad Nahua de Santa Ana Tlacotenco.",??
Casagrande, Carla & Vecchio, Silvana. 1991, Les P�ch�s de la langue:
discipline et �thique de la parole dans la culture m�di�vale, Trad.,
Paris:Ed. du Cerf.
Chastaing, Maxime & Abdi, Herv�. 1980, "Psychologie des injures", Journal
de psychologie normale et pathologique, 1; pp.31-62.
Cichon,-Michael, Insult and Redress in Cyfraith Hywel Dda and Welsh
Arthurian Romance Arthuriana- (Arthuriana). 2000 Fall; 10(3): 27-43
Collectif. 1992. "Paroles d'outrage", Ethnologie fran�aise, XXVI, no
3 (cit� dans Beaumatin, Garcia, 1995)
Colson,-Karen-Annita, Perception and Production of Changes in Stress
Placement, Pitch and Duration by Patients with Focal Left Cortical
Insult U Iowa, Iowa City 52242,
1989,50, 5, Nov, 1885-B., Available from UMI, Ann Arbor MI. Order
No. DA8913165.
Conway A.(1994), "You're ugly, your dick is small, and everybody fucks your
mother! The stand-up comedian's response to the Heckler", Maledicta, 11.
Coyne J.C. (1978), "Expletives and woman's place", Sex Roles 4, 6.
Crozier A. (1988), "Beyond the metaphor. Cursing in Ulster",
Maledicta, X, 115-125.
Danon-Boileau, Laurent & Morel, Marie-Annick (�ds.). 1995. Faits de
langue 6, "L'Exclamation"; Introduction:5-12.
Darou W. (1983), "Personality and verbal abuse", Maledicta,VII, 178-186.
Davis,-Hedy-I, Insult to Poets, Contrast-. Cape Town, South
Africa. 1978;12(2): 88-90

Davies,-Wendy Adding Insult to Injury: Power, Property and Immunities
in Early Medieval Wales 137-64 IN Davies,-Wendy (ed.); Fouracre,-Paul
(ed.). Property and Power in the Early Middle Ages. New York, NY :
Cambridge UP, 1995. xiv, 322 pp.
De Klerk V. (1992), "How taboo are taboo words for girls?", Language
in Society, 21, 277-289.
Delumeau, jean (�d.). 1989. Injures et blasph�mes. Paris: Imago.
D'-Eramo,-Marco; Sokal,-Alan, Academic Insult in Greenwich Village,
and Selected Responses 115-18 IN Lingua-Franca (ed. and introd.). The
Sokal Hoax: The Sham That Shook the Academy. Lincoln, NE : U of
Nebraska P, 2000. ix, 271 pp.
Dollard,-John , The Dozens: Dialectic of Insult, 277-94 IN
Dundes,-Alan (ed. and preface). Mother Wit from the Laughing
Barrel. Jackson, MS : UP of Mississippi, 1990. xvi, 680 pp.
Doyle,-Charles-Clay, Blow below the Belt: Hamlet's Crude Insult U
Georgia, Athens 30602, Maledicta; 1978, 2, 1-2, summer-winter,
Edouard, Robert. 1967. Dictionnaire des injures. Paris: Tchou.
El Europeo (1992), "El arte del insulto", El Europeo, 42.
Espinosa Meneses M. (2001), "Algo sobre la historia de las palabrotas",
Razon y palabra, 23.
Evans-Pritchard, E.E. 1949. "Nuer curses and ghostly vengeance", Africa,
XIX: 288-292.
Fine G.A. (1981)," Rude words. lnsults and narration in preadolescent
obscene talk", Maledicta,V, 51-68.

Fischer, Sophie. 1988. "Proc�dures discursives. La co-�nonciation dans
l'injonction", in J.Cosnier et alii (eds), Echanges sur la conversation.
Lyon: CNRS ; pp.199-209.
Fischer, Sophie. 1995. "M�tamorphoses: le cri, l'interpellation,
l'injure".Faits de langue, 6: 143-151.
Flahaut, Fran�ois. 1978. La Parole interm�diaire. Paris: Le Seuil.
Gabriel Y. (1998), "An Introduction to the Social Psychology of
Insults in Organizations", Human Relations, 51, 1. Fredeman,-William-E
'From Insult to Protect': The Pre-Raphaelites and the Biographical
Fallacy 57-80 IN Ransom,-Harr. Sources for Reinterpretation: The Use
of Nineteenth-Century Literary Documents: Essays in Honor of
C.L. Cline.Austin : Dept. of Eng. & Humanities Research Center,
Univ. of Texas, 1975, 1978. 101 pp.
Gamez,-Luis-R, Richard Bettesworth's Insult and 'The Yahoo's
Overthrow' Swift-Studies:-The-Annual-of-the-Ehrenpreis-Center
(SStud). 1997; 12: 80-84
Gauvard, Claude. 1995. "Conclusion", Atalaya, 5: 249-258.
Greene,-David-L, A Case of Insult, The Baum-Bugle:-A-Journal-of-Oz.
Swarthmore, PA. 1974; 18(1): 10-11
Gregersen E. (1977), "A note on English sexual cursing", Maledicta, 1,
Grennen,-Joseph-E, The Pardoner, the Host, and the Depth of Chaucerian
Insult English-Language-Notes (ELN). Boulder, CO. 1987 Dec.; 25(2): 18-24
Guiraud P. (1975), Les gros mots, P.U.F., Paris.
Hall,-Kira 'Go Suck Your Husband's Sugarcane!' Hijras and the Use of
Sexual Insult 430-60 IN Livia,-Anna (ed. and introd.); Hall,-Kira
(ed. and introd.); Finegan,-Edward (foreword). Queerly Phrased:
Language, Gender, and Sexuality. New York, NY : Oxford UP, 1997. xix,
460 pp.
Hensher P. (1996), "The Lost Art of the Calculated Insult", The
Times2 (25.10.).
Holod,-Oxana Some Specifics of the Speech Act "Insult"; Einige
Besonderheiten des Sprechaktes "Beschimpfung"
Grazer-Linguistische-Studien; 1998, 49, spring, 29-35.

Hughes S.E. (1992), "Expletives of lower working-class women",
Language in Society, 21, 291-303.
Huston, Nancy. 1980. Dire et interdire : �l�ments de jurologie. Paris:
Irvine J. T.(1993), "Insult and Responsibility: verbal Abuse in a
Wolof Village", Responsibility and Evidence in Oral Discourse,
Cambridge University press, Cambridge.
Javier S.G. (2001), Tetlahual Ipan Tomacehuatlahtol. El Insulto en
Nahuatl, Tesis de Maestria en Linguistica Indoamericana, CIESAS.
Jay T.B. (1977), "Doing research with dirty words", Maledicta, 1, 234-256.
Jay, Timothy. 1992. Cursing in America : a psycholinguistic study of
dirty language in the courts, in the movies, in the schoolyards, and
on the streets. Philadelphie: Benjamins.
Jucker A.H., Taavitsainen I. (2000), "Diachronic speech Act
Analysis. Insults from Flyting to Flaming", Journal of Historical
Pragmatics ,1, 1.
Kerbrat-Orecchioni, Catherine. 1980. L'Enonciation. De la subjectivit�
dans le langage. Paris: A. Colin.
Kerbrat-Orecchioni, Catherine. 1992. Les Interactions verbales (t.2).
Paris: Armand Colin.
Kidman A. (1993), How to do Things with Four Letter Words. A Study of
the Semantics of Swearing in Australia, BA Thesis, Universidad de New
England. (http:/

Jochens,-Jenny, Swenson,-Karen, Performing Definitions: Two Genres of
Insult in Old Norse Literature,
Journal-of-English-and-Germanic-Philology-(JEGP); 1994, 93, 1, Jan,
Labov, William. 1972. "Rules for Ritual Insults", in Sudnow, D.,
Studies in Social Interaction, New York: the Free Press. 120-170.
Lagorgette, Dominique & Larriv�e, Pierre. 2002a (en cours),
"Interpr�tation des insultes et relations de solidarit�".
Lagorgette, Dominique & Larriv�e, Pierre. 2002b (en cours). Param�tres
d'analyse en s�mantique: synchronie et diachronie des insultes.
Lagorgette, Dominique. 1994. "Termes d'adresse, acte perlocutoire et
insultes : la violence verbale dans quelques textes des 14e, 15e et
16e si�cles", SENEFIANCE, 36: 317-332
Lagorgette, Dominique. 2002a. "D�nomination et d�finition dans le
r�cit bref pornographique", Les Transports amoureux, M.C.Guhl ed.,
CERIC / Ed. du PF4le.
Lagorgette, Dominique. 2002b (sous presse). "Insultes et sounding: du
rituel � l'exclusion?", Actes des Journ�es d'�tudes doctorales,
(D�partement Sciences de l'Homme, des Humanit�s et de la Soci�t�),
CERIC / Ed. du PF4le.
Lagorgette, Dominique. En cours. Du Titre E0 l'insulte: les termes
d'adresse en moyen fran�ais, Paris-Louvain-la-Neuve: Biblioth�que de
l'Information Grammaticale / Peeters.
Lallemand,-Suzanne 'Rag-Head': Insult and Pedagogy in Mosi; 'Tete en
loques': insulte et pedagogie chez les Mosi
Cahiers-d'Etudes-Africaines; 1975, 15, 4, 60, 649-668.
Largu�che, Evelyne. 1983. L'Effet injure: de la pragmatique E0la
psychanalyse. Paris: P.U.F.
Largu�che, Evelyne. 1993. L'injure � fleur de peau. Paris: L'Harmattan.
Larriv�e, Pierre. 1994. "Quelques hypoth�ses sur les structures
syntaxique et s�mantique de Ce fripon de valet". Revue qu�b�coise de
linguistique, 23, 2: 101-113.
Le Goffic, Pierre. 1993. grammaire de la phrase fran�aise. Paris:

Leach E. (1974), "Aspectos antropol�gicos del lenguaje: Categorias,
animales e injuria verbal", Nuevas direcciones en el estudio del
lenguaje, E. Lenneberg (ed.), Selecta de la Revista de Occidente,

Leets L., Giles H. (1997), "Words as Weapons When do they Wound?:
Investigations of Harmful Speech", Human Communication Research, 24, 2.
Lindovska,-Nadezda, 'Feminism' Is an Insult in Slovakia, Theatre-Journal
(TJ). 1995 Oct; 47(3): 381-92
G. Lotti, Dizionario degli insulti, Rizzoli.
Lopez?., Morrant ?., "Los Insultos", Catedra, Gramatica Femenina (???)
Luque J. de D., Pamies A., Manj�n F.J. (1997), El arte del insulto.
Estudio lexicogrE1fico, PenEDnsula, Barcelona.

Ludwig,-Ralph; Poullet,-Hector, How to Convince, Refute, and Insult in
Creole: Some Argumentative Strategies of Guadeloupe Creole; Convaincre,
refuter et insulter en creole: quelques strategies argumentatives du
guadeloupeen, Romanisches Seminar Albert-Ludwigs U, D-7800 Freiburg im
Breisgau Federal Republic Germany, Etudes-Creoles; 1989, 12, 2, 11-27.
Maduka,-Omen-N., A Linguistic Analysis of an Insult Game in Nigerian
Pidgin English Imo State U, Okigwe Nigeria, Lore-and-Language; 1991,
10, 1, Jan, 47-58.
Mankodi,-Kashyap, On How to Insult People in Gujarati, 106-114 IN
Khubchandani,-Lachman-M. (ed.). Language in a Plural Society. Delhi :
Motilal Banarsidass, 1988. viii, 158 pp.
Marr A. (2000), "Politicians and newspapers now use insult as they really believe what they are saying?", The Observer
Mateo J., F. Yus (2000), "Insults: A relevance-theoretic approach to their
translation", International Journal of translation,12, 1-2, 97-130.

McEnery T.(2003),Swearing in English, Routledge, London.
McEnery T., Baker P., Hardie A. (2000), "Swearing and abuse in modern
British English", PALC'99: Practical Application in Language Corpora.
Papers from the International Conference at the University of???, 15-18
April, 1999, Lewandowska-Tomaszczyk B., Melia P. (eds.), Frankfurt am
Main-Berlin-Bern-Bruxelles-New York-Oxford-Wien: Peter Lang, 37-48.
McEnery A., Baker J. P., Hardie A.(2000), "Assessing claims about
language use with corpus data: swearing and abuse", Corpora
galore. Analyses and techniques in describing English. Papers from the
Nineteenth International Conference on English Language Research on
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lenguas", Revista de libros, 25, 01.
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insultes, exclamations. Paris: Le Seuil
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Renaissance-and-Reformation/Renaissance-et-Reforme. Mississauga,
Ontario L5L 1C6, Canada. 1973; 9: 108-15
Murray S. (1983), "Ritual and personal insults in stigmatized
subcultures: Gay, black, jew", Maledicta VII, 189-211.
Murray T.E., "Swearing as a function of gender in the language of
Midwestern American college students. Who does it more, what do they say,
and why do they do it", Maledicta, XI, 1990-1995.
Norton C. (1997), "Tv blamed as swearing soars in primary schools", The
Sunday Times (4.05.).
Nwachukwu-Agbada,-J-O-J, The Glint in the Ore: Latent Educational
Values of Igbo Poetic Insult of Similes, Lore-and-Language
(Lore&L). 1996; 14(1): 1-14
O-Broin,-Fiach, The Historical Insult in Ireland,20
(Logophile). London England. 1980; 3(3): 9-10
Oden,-Tatia-Malika, Insult Denied: Traumatic Brain Injury in Battered
African American Women
-The-Sciences-and-Engineering (DAIB). 2000 Oct; 61(4): 1864-65
Ogier J.M. (1996), "Sex and violence in the indo-european languages",
Maledicta, XII.
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Powers,-William-G.; Glenn,-Robert-B.Perceptions of Friendly Insult
Greetings in Interpersonal Relationships, North Texas State U, Denton
76203, Southern-Speech-Communication-Journal; 1979, 44, 3, spring,
Perret, Delphine. 1968. "Termes d'adresse et injures", Cahiers de
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Pichette, Jean-Pierre. 1980. Le guide raisonn� des jurons. Montr�al:
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Rosier, Laurence & Ernotte, Philippe. 2001. "Le lexique clandestin. La
dynamique sociale des insultes et appellatifs � Bruxelles", Fran�ais
et soci�t�: 12.
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Saporta S. (1988), "Linguistic taboo, code-words and women's use of
sexist language", Maledicta, X, 163-166.

Ryalls,-John-H.; Behrens,-Susan-J., An Overview of Changes in
Fundamental Frequency Associated with Cortical Insult, Dept Speech &
Hearing Sciences Indiana U, Bloomington 47405 Aphasiology; 1988, 2, 2,
Mar-Apr, 107-115. aja Abstract-of-Journal-Article
Sayers,-William, Old Judeo-French etupe 'having a prepuce,
uncircumcised': Biblical Gloss-And Religious Insult?; L'Ancien
Judeo-francais etupe 'ayant un prepuce, incirconcis': glose
biblique-et insulte religieuse?,
Zeitschrift-fur-Romanische-Philologie; 1999, 115, 2, 234-243.
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it matter if white people say it?", The Independent (30.06.).
Siblot, Paul. 1995. "Du Sens dans les formes exclamatives", Faits de
langue, 6: 163-170.
Smith J. (2001), "Doggone", The Guardian (1.03.).
Stewart,-Douglas-Boulton Branding Characters: The Printed Insult from
Milton to Junius Dissertation-Abstracts-International,-Section-A:
-The-Humanities-and-Social-Sciences(DAIA). 1997 Nov; 58(5): 1728
Swenson,-Karen Performing Definitions: Two Genres of Insult in Old
Norse Literature Columbia, SC : Camden House, 1991. xiii, 149 pp.
Tannock S. (1999), "Working with insults: Discourse and difference in an
inner-city youth organization", Discourse & Society 10, 3, 317-350.
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Sciences La Plata U, 1900 Argentina, Maledicta; 1981, 5, 1-2,
summer-winter, 77-78.
Valis,-Noel , Autobiography as Insult, 27-52 IN Charnon-Deutsch,-Lou
(ed.); Labanyi,-Jo (ed.). Culture and Gender in Nineteenth-Century
Spain. Oxford, England : Clarendon, 1995. xv, 277 pp.
Ye-Sheng-tao; Link,-Perr, People Who Insult People,
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comment", The Independent (22.12.).
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Srinakharinwirot U, Prasarnmit Campus Bangkok 10110 Thailand, PASAA;
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White M. (2001), "With all due respect...", The Guardian (5.10.).
Zwicky Arnold. 1974. "Hey, whatsyourname !", Chicago Linguistic
Society, 10: 787-801.
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