LINGUIST List 14.1302

Wed May 7 2003

Books: Applied/Socioling, Indo-Fijians: Boufoy-Bastick

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  1. LINCOM.EUROPA, Academic Attainments and Cultural Values: Boufoy-Bastick

Message 1: Academic Attainments and Cultural Values: Boufoy-Bastick

Date: Tue, 06 May 2003 16:53:03 +0000
From: LINCOM.EUROPA <LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de>
Subject: Academic Attainments and Cultural Values: Boufoy-Bastick



Title: Academic Attainments and Cultural Values
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Second Language Teaching 01
			
Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Lincom GmbH 
 http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA/		 
			
Book URL: http://home.t-online.de/home/LINCOM.EUROPA/7101.htm
 
Author: B´┐Żatrice Boufoy-Bastick, University of the West Indies 
				
Paperback: ISBN: 3895862533, Pages: 326, Price: USD 72 / EUR 66 /
	 GBP 48
Comment: 40% discount for students
			
Abstract:

This book describes an ethnographic study of Second Language teaching
in the Fiji Isles in the South Pacific. It shows that the different
cultural expectations of Fiji's two main ethnic groups, the indigenous
Fijians and the Indo-Fijians, are manifested in different teaching
practices that result in their differential attainments. The study
uses an extended Grounded Theory methodology that has allowed for
empirical generalisation of its findings by further ethnography and
census and for generalisation of its theoretical constructs by further
mixed method analysis. The motivation that emerged for the study was
the local concern over the differential educational attainments of the
two groups. The ethnography used historical archival and current
documents, together with community and institutional interviews and
observations over a four year period, to contrast Fijian and Indian
socio-cultural expectations, and their matching behaviours, for
teaching and learning English as a Second Language. The methodology
resulted in the recognition of three major cultural constructs that
describe the different behaviours serving the differential social
expectations and cultural intentions of the two groups. The constructs
were validated both ethnographically and by census and allowed the
identification of social fractionalisation and cultural
incursion. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of the data from the
study enabled the three constructs to be developed into a
generalisable conceptual framework for predicting differential
classroom behaviours in multicultural societies.

The innovative research methods and the generalisable instrument
developed for measuring cultural identity which were used for the
study are described. These include: 
 (i) a method of quantitative data collection and analysis, namely
collection of proportional ratings allowing calculations of grounded
preferences for more rigorous analysis;
 (ii) methods of qualitative analysis to resolve issues of etic/emic
confounding, namely separation of etic and emic meanings during
analysis and a method of validating emic meanings that minimised etic
intrusions;
 (iii) methods of qualitative reporting, using bipolar and modal
grounded composites to maintain validity during extensive ethnographic
data reduction; and
 (iv) a generalisable 'Cultural Index', which is an efficient
grounded instrument consisting of Primary and Relative cultural
indices used for defining cultural identity and for predicting
culturally-determined behaviours.

This study evidences the paramount influence of cultural expectations
on differential educational attainments in multicultural societies.

Keywords: B´┐Żatrice Boufoy-Bastick; Second language teaching; ESL;
Language and culture, Fijians; Indo-Fijians.

Lingfield(s): Applied Linguistics
		Language Teaching (Applied Linguistics)
			 
Areal Regions: South Asian

Written In: English (Language Code: ENG)


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