LINGUIST List 14.1617

Sun Jun 8 2003

Diss: Lexicography: Stancheva: 'Phraseologismen...'

Editor for this issue: Naomi Fox <>


  1. stantcheva, Phraseologismen in deutschen W�rterb�chern

Message 1: Phraseologismen in deutschen W�rterb�chern

Date: Fri, 06 Jun 2003 08:42:05 +0000
From: stantcheva <>
Subject: Phraseologismen in deutschen W�rterb�chern

Institution: Humboldt University, Berlin
Program: Department for German Language and Lingustics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2002

Author: Diana Stantcheva 

Dissertation Title: Phraseologismen in deutschen W�rterb�chern

Dissertation URL:

Linguistic Field: Lexicography 

Subject Language: German, Standard (code: GER )

Dissertation Director 1: Klaus-Dieter Ludwig
Dissertation Director 2: Wolfgang Mieder

Dissertation Abstract: 

The German lexicon contains thousands of fixed expressions like
jmdn. (um) einen Kopf k�rzer machen, nach Recht und
Billigkeit, Gnade vor/f�r Recht ergehen lassen. Phrases
like these are frequently used in both spoken and written
language. The quality of a dictionary can be measured in part by how
well such phraseological units are presented.

This thesis analyses the sensitivity of German lexicographers to
phraseological phenomena over a period extending from the 18th century
to the present. The work examines synchronous German monolingual
dictionaries, including Johann Christoph ADELUNG's
Grammatisch-kritisches W�rterbuch der Hochdeutschen Mundart
(1793-1801), Joachim Heinrich CAMPE's W�rterbuch der Deutschen Sprache
(1807-1811), Daniel SANDERS' W�rterbuch der Deutschen Sprache. Mit
Belegen von Luther bis auf die Gegenwart (1860-1865), Ullstein Lexikon
der deutschen Sprache. W�rterbuch f�r Rechtschreibung, Silbentrennung,
Aussprache, Bedeutungen, Synonyme, Phraseologie, Etymologie (1969),
W�rterbuch der deutschen Gegenwartssprache (1961-1977),
Brockhaus-Wahrig Deutsches W�rterbuch (1980-1984), Duden Das gro�e
W�rterbuch der deutschen Sprache (1999) and Gerhard Wahrig. Deutsches
W�rterbuch (2000).

The main aspects of the analysis are: 

Dictionary prefaces with regard to phraseological information given

Lexicographical markers and presentation of fixed expressions in the
dictionary entries

Entry and explanation of phraseological terminology in these

This work chronicles the lexicographical presentation of fixed
expressions spanning the period covered by these dictionaries. The
study demonstrates that the dictionary prefaces are inadequate in
terms of phraseological information provided, insufficient
phraseological terminology entry and explanation as well as the scant
attention paid to such important issues as lexicographical markers and
presentation of fixed expressions.

The thesis offers varied proposals for more suitable presentation of
phraseological units in German monolingual dictionaries and points to
the need for uniform lexicographic standards in the presentation of
fixed expressions.
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