LINGUIST List 14.2201

Wed Aug 20 2003

Qs: Connotations & Associations; Quechua Spelling

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  1. dark.aura, connotations and associations
  2. john davis, Quechua spelling

Message 1: connotations and associations

Date: Thu, 14 Aug 2003 18:42:22 +0200 (MEST)
From: dark.aura <>
Subject: connotations and associations


I'm looking for books, papers etc. concerning connotations,
associations and their influence on texts and argumentative
structures. The associations and connotations should be dependent on
single words, not necessarily metaphors, and causing slight changes in
meaning of the whole text, in opposition to the literal meaning.

I'm looking for literature concerning both German and English. As an
example I can provide the different use of the word "Fuhrer" (leader)
in German: With definite article "Der Fuhrer" it always has a
connotation to Hitler, in composita as in "Fremdenfuhrer" (tourist
guide) it has (usually) no such connotation at all. But if you refer
to a tourist guide only with the word "Fuhrer", which is semantically
correct, the connotation is immediatly present (and creates a very
awkward situation). From own experience I can give the following
example: I mentioned the word "gender" in a discussion and immediatly
the theories developed by Judith Butler entered the discussion,
leading it a completely different path, without my intention to do so.
Thus I'm looking for texts which describe as far as possible such
mechanisms and their consequences in discussions, as well in English
as in German language.
 	I'm thankful for every hint! 

Best regards

Birgit Mikus

 	Subject-Language: English;German, Standard; Code: GER 

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Message 2: Quechua spelling

Date: Mon, 18 Aug 2003 14:32:38 -0700 (PDT)
From: john davis <>
Subject: Quechua spelling

If memory serves me right, when the Spanish encountered the ejectives
in Quechua and Aymara, they spelled them with double consonants, such
as "pp" and "tt". Thus the famous Machu Picchu in the original
Quechua would be pronounced Machu Pich'u (in a modern orthography).
When can I find a book or article confirming this use of double

Thank you.
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