LINGUIST List 14.2368

Mon Sep 8 2003

Books: Typology/Syntax, Mayan: Ximena, Vapnarsky

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  1. LINCOM.EUROPA, Polyvalence of root classes in Yukatekan Mayan languages

Message 1: Polyvalence of root classes in Yukatekan Mayan languages

Date: Mon, 08 Sep 2003 07:24:43 +0000
From: LINCOM.EUROPA <LINCOM.EUROPAt-online.de>
Subject: Polyvalence of root classes in Yukatekan Mayan languages



Title: Polyvalence of root classes in Yukatekan Mayan languages
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Native American Linguistics 47.
			
Publication Year: 2003
Publisher: Lincom GmbH 
 www.lincom-europa.com, http://lincom.at		 
			
Author: Lois Ximena, EREA-CNRS 
Author: Valentina Vapnarsky, EREA-CNRS 

Paperback: ISBN: 3895867071., Pages: 246, Price: 62 EURO			

Abstract:

Lexical categories exhibit parametric variation across languages. Most
Indo-European languages reveal a rich pattern of derivation between
nouns and verbs. Mayan languages in general have less recourse to
derivational processes resulting in formal similarities between verbs
and nouns at the level of morphophonology and morphosyntax. Focusing
on Yukatekan languages, this book shows that these similarities occurr
even at the lexical root level. This leads us to review previous root
classifications and to propose a large verbonominal root class that we
oppose to another main class, the nominal roots. The verbonominal
class includes traditional transitive roots and intransitive roots, as
well as agent-salient roots that are commonly considered to be nominal
roots. Such a system can account for the categorial flexibility
exhibited by Mayan roots and allows us to formulate generalizations
missing in previous classifications. A new conception of the role of
phonology and of morphophonological processes in Mayan languages is
proposed. We introduce the notion of instantiation, a twofold process
that encompass the formation of phonological profiles (determination
of the vowel in the general template CVC) and morphological profiles
(inflection). Instantiation handles root-class polyvalence and
subsumes the so-called voices traditionally considered to be
derivational in nature. The link between the split-ergativity system
exhibited in Yukatekan languages and properties of verbonominal roots
is exhamined. The final part deals with the intricate categories of
positionnals and affectives. Extensive lists of members of the
different root classes are given in Appendices. (for more
information, please see the LINCOM webshop : lincom.at).


Lingfield(s): Amerindian (Typology)
		Typology,
		Syntax
			 
Language Family(ies): Mayan

Written In: English (Language Code: ENG)


 See this book announcement on our website: 
 http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=7151.

			
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