LINGUIST List 14.3362

Fri Dec 5 2003

Sum: Extra Lengthening

Editor for this issue: Naomi Fox <>


  1. Arum Budi Astuti, extra lengthening

Message 1: extra lengthening

Date: Fri, 5 Dec 2003 08:33:28 -0500 (EST)
From: Arum Budi Astuti <>
Subject: extra lengthening

Dear Linguists,

I posted a query a while a go about extra lengthening (Linguist
14.2907). I would like to thank Solomon Sara, Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
and James L. Fidelholtz for their helpful responses. Thanks a bunch !

The following is the sum for the topic : In case of extra lengthening
of consonants, we may find difficulty in showing the phenomenon in the
phonetic transcription. The usual procedure is that we create our own
symbol to represent the occurrence, if there is no symbol in IPA
sufficient for the matter. Then, we put necessary information in a
section called Conventions to explain any symbology we want to
use. Another suggestion is that we put extra consonants to show its
'extra' lengthening. For example : the word /amba/ which is
extra-lengthened into [ammmba] or [ ammmmmba] and so on.

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