LINGUIST List 14.491

Wed Feb 19 2003

Sum: Orthography & segmentation of spoken language

Editor for this issue: Steve Moran <stevelinguistlist.org>


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  1. Rajaa Aquil, Orthography & segmentation of spoken language

Message 1: Orthography & segmentation of spoken language

Date: Sun, 16 Feb 2003 08:15:07 +0000
From: Rajaa Aquil <aquilrgeorgetown.edu>
Subject: Orthography & segmentation of spoken language


Re: (Linguist 14.372)

I received the following responses:

Studies on the relationship between orthography and speech production
Wells, S. (1995). A speech error investigation of the impact of
orthography on Japanese speech production. Papers from the 31st
Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistics Society. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press. 478-89

Studies on the relationship between orthography and phoneme awareness
Read, C. A., Zhang, Y., Nie, H., & Ding, B. (1987). The ability to
manipulate speech sounds depends on knowing alphabetic
reading. Cognition, 24, 31-44. Authors found that prior learning of
Roman/Latin alphabet affected Chinese speakers' performance in certain
phonemic awareness tasks.

Studies on children's segmentation of sentences Leong,C. K. (1991).
>From phonemic awareness to phonological processing to language access
in children developing reading proficiency. In D. J. Sawyer &
B. J. Fox (Eds.), Phonological Awareness in Reading: The Evolution of
Current Perspectives. New York: Springer-Verlag. Mann,
V. A. (1986). Phonological awareness: The role of reading
experience. Cognition, 24, 65-92.

Both of the studies found that Japanese children can segment into
syllables and not phonemes as a result of their syllable-based writing
system.

Phoneme monitoring studies

Ooijen, B. van, Cutler, A. & Norris, D. (1992). Detection of vowels
and consonants with minimal acoustic variation. Speech Communication,
11, 101-108 (in English) 

Authors found that words such as music, pew, fuse ([muuzIk], [pju],
[fjuz]), which include phonemes with no reflection in the orthography
are often missed.

Cutler, A., Ooijen, B. van, Norris, D. & Sanchez-Casas, R. (1996).
Speeded detection of vowels: A cross-linguistic study. Perception &
Psychophysics, 58, 807-822.

This study showed evidence that schwa is much harder to detect than
full vowels.

Cutler, A., Treiman, R. & Ooijen, B. van (1998). Orthografik
inkoncistensy ephekts in foneme detektion? Proceedings of the Fifth
International Conference on Spoken Language Processing, Sydney,
December; vol. 6, pp. 2783-2786.

The authors found that orthographic consistency in English had no
effect in phoneme monitoring whether the target sound was consistent
or not (e.g., [b] always written as B or not, [f] written as F or PH)
except only when the distractors were filled with many unusually
spelled words.
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