LINGUIST List 15.1133

Tue Apr 6 2004

Books: Semantics: Greenberg/Gutirrez-Rexach

Editor for this issue: Neil Salmond <neillinguistlist.org>


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Directory

  1. kkaneta, Manifestations of Genericity: Greenberg
  2. kkaneta, Semantics: Gutirrez-Rexach

Message 1: Manifestations of Genericity: Greenberg

Date: Wed, 31 Mar 2004 16:28:56 -0500 (EST)
From: kkaneta <kkanetataylorandfrancis.com>
Subject: Manifestations of Genericity: Greenberg


		
Title: Manifestations of Genericity
Series Title: Outstanding Dissertations in Linguistics
			
Publication Year: 2003
Publisher:	Routledge (Taylor and Francis) 
		http://www.routledge.com/
			
Author: Yael Greenberg

Hardback: ISBN: 0415967775, Pages: 240, Price: U.S. $: 75


Abstract:
			
Manifestations of Genericity offers a unified analysis of minimally
contrasting generic sentences with indefinite singular (IS) and bare
plural (BP) subjects-as in "A bird flies" versus "Birds fly"-within
the framework of formal semantics. Beyond the classic distinction
between quantificational and kind predication genericity, there is
another important distinction in the generic domain, namely the
distinction between two types of quantificational, modalized (I-)
generalizations: "in virtue of" generalizations, expressed by both IS
and BP sentences, and "descriptive" generalizations, expressed by BP
sentences alone. Thus, "A bird flies" asserts that the generalization
is nonaccidentally true in virtue of some property, associated with
the CN subject, whereas "Birds fly" can also merely assert that the
generalization is nonaccidentally true, with no implication of an "in
virtue of" property.

Where previous theories have either assigned IS and BP sentences
identical representations or two completely different (roughly
quantificational and predicational) representations, this book treats
both sentences as having the same basic quantificational-modalized
structure-thus capturing the strong semantic similarities between
them. Additionally, this study accounts for semantic differences by
arguing that IS and BP sentences express different kinds of modality,
and that the modalized Gen operator is restricted by a different
accessibility relation in each case.

When combined with independent semantic and pragmatic mechanisms, the
difference in accessibility relations makes correct and precise
predications as to a wide range of both old and newly observed
semantic, pragmatic and distributional differences between IS and BP
sentences. In this book, Yael Greenberg discusses and clarifies a
number of controversial issues and phenomena in the generic
literature, including the existence of "episodic genericity,"
existential presuppositions, and contextual restrictions of generics.


Lingfield(s):	Semantics 	
			 
Written In: English (Language Code: English)

 See this book announcement on our website:
	 http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=9549 
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

Message 2: Semantics: Gutirrez-Rexach

Date: Thu, 1 Apr 2004 15:18:44 -0500 (EST)
From: kkaneta <kkanetataylorandfrancis.com>
Subject: Semantics: Gutirrez-Rexach


		
Title: Semantics
Subtitle: Critical Concepts in Linguistics
Series Title: Critical Concepts in Linguistics
			
Publication Year: 2003
Publisher:	Routledge (Taylor and Francis) 
		http://www.routledge.com/
			
Editor: Javier Gutirrez-Rexach

Hardback: ISBN: 0415266327, Pages: 2704, Price: U.S. $: 1045.00


Abstract:
			
This set brings together the most important contributions to semantic
theory ranging from Gottlob Frege's 1892 essay "On Sense and
Reference" to recent cutting-edge scholarship from leading journals in
the field.

The collection is structured around three major themes:

* Fundamental notions, the relations between semantics and grammar and
the relations between meaning and cognition

* The semantics of basic grammatical constructions and structures,
such as the semantics of determiners, nouns, adjectives and related
topics including quantifier scope and the definiteness/indefiniteness
distinction.

* Topics related to sentential and discourse semantics: events and
thematic roles, tense, aspect and modality, negation, ellipsis,
questions, pronouns and the semantics/pragmatics interface.


Lingfield(s):	Semantics 	

Written In: English (Language Code: English)

 See this book announcement on our website:
	 http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=9597 
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue

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