LINGUIST List 15.1404

Tue May 4 2004

Books: Language Description (Manx): Phillips

Editor for this issue: Neil Salmond <>

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  1. lincom.europa, Manx Grammar: Phillips

Message 1: Manx Grammar: Phillips

Date: Mon, 3 May 2004 11:02:44 -0400 (EDT)
From: lincom.europa <>
Subject: Manx Grammar: Phillips


Title: Manx Grammar
Series Title: Languages of the World 

Publication Year: 2004
Publisher:	Lincom GmbH 

Author: John D. Phillips, Yamaguchi University 

Paperback: ISBN: 3895867659, Pages: 140, Price: Europe EURO 44.00 


Manx is the recently-extinct language of the Isle of Man, located in
the northern part of the Irish Sea between Britain and Ireland. It is
a member of the Celtic group of the Indo-European family of languages,
and as such is related to the other modern Celtic languages: Welsh,
Breton, Scottish Gaelic, and Irish. It is closest to Scottish Gaelic
and Irish, but is not mutually intelligible with either.

Until the nineteenth century, the great majority of the island's
inhabitants were monolingual Manx-speaking, but after the island came
under British rule in 1765, Manx receded from public and later private
life and was replaced by English. The last native speaker died in

Manx is an isolating language with very little morphology. The basic
word order is VSO, though the clause-initial auxiliary marks only
tense, with the main verbal meaning carried by an indeclinable verbal
noun. Like the other Celtic languages, Manx has a system of initial
consonant mutation: words beginning with mutable consonants have two
forms, plain and lenited.

This grammar is based on a corpus of tape recordings of the speech of
ten of the last native speakers of Manx, with other sources used to
confirm and supplement as necessary.

Lingfield(s):	Language Description
Subject Language(s):	Manx (Language code: MJD)
Written In:	English (Language Code: ENG) 

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