LINGUIST List 15.1421

Wed May 5 2004

Books: Typology: Malchukov

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  1. lincom.europa, Nominalization/verbalization: Malchukov

Message 1: Nominalization/verbalization: Malchukov

Date: Tue, 4 May 2004 07:15:07 -0400 (EDT)
From: lincom.europa <>
Subject: Nominalization/verbalization: Malchukov

Title: Nominalization/verbalization
Subtitle: constraining a typology of transcategorial operations
Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Language Typology 08
Publication Year: 2004
Publisher:	Lincom GmbH	
Author: Andrej L. Malchukov, Russian Academy of Sciences 

Paperback: ISBN: 3895867292, Pages: 148, Price: EURO 42.00
The present study deals with a typology of transcategorial processes
such as nominalization and verbalization. In particular, it addresses
the following question: What are the factors that determine the order
in which the particular verbal categories are lost and nominal
categories acquired in the transcategorial processes? It is argued
that predictions concerning disruption/acquisition of categories in
transcategorial processes are determined by semantically based
hierarchies of nominal and verbal categories. That is, categories that
are less relevant to the meaning of the stem are more 'affected' by
transcategorial operations. The paper presents evidence from a sample
of languages for this hypothesis demonstrating in turn the gradual
disruption of verbal characteristics along the deverbalization cline
and the gradual acquisition of nominal features along the
substantivization cline. In the next sections I introduce a
Generalized Scale Model for nominalizations, which obtains from the
mapping of the two hierarchies onto each other, as well as discuss
additional constraints on GSM due to the fact that some verbal and
nominal categories are incompatible ('blocking constraints'). The
final part addresses the question whether Generalized Scale Model can
be applied to other types of transcategorial processes, such as
'verbalizations'. Throughout the paper special attention has been
accorded to structural factors (such as morpheme order and category
cumulation) that can interfere with the hierarchy constraints. More
generally, this study aims to demonstrate how functional and
structural factors conspire to constraint the outcome of
transcategorial processes.

Lingfield(s):	Typology
Written In: English (Language Code: English)

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