LINGUIST List 15.2371

Tue Aug 24 2004

Diss: Phonetics: Adisasmito-Smith: 'Phonetic...'

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  1. adisasmito_smith, Phonetic and phonological influences of Javanese on Indonesian

Message 1: Phonetic and phonological influences of Javanese on Indonesian

Date: Tue, 24 Aug 2004 02:32:32 -0400 (EDT)
From: adisasmito_smith <adisasmito_smithyahoo.com>
Subject: Phonetic and phonological influences of Javanese on Indonesian

Institution: Cornell University
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2004

Author: Niken Adisasmito-Smith 

Dissertation Title: Phonetic and phonological influences of Javanese
on Indonesian

Linguistic Field: Phonetics, Phonology 

Subject Language: Indonesian (code: INZ), Javanese (code: JAN)

Dissertation Director 1: Abigail C Cohn
Dissertation Director 2: Amanda Miller-Ockhuizen
Dissertation Director 3: John U Wolff
Dissertation Director 4: Draga Zec

Dissertation Abstract: 

This dissertation addresses effects of sound structure on language
contact. In particular, this study focuses on the influence of one
language on another at both the phonological and phonetic levels. In
cases of language contact, it is highly likely for the bilingual
speakers to realize certain linguistic features of one language on the
other. Such transfer is expected at all levels, including the sound
system. This issue is very important in Indonesia where the vast
majority of the population is at least bilingual. In this study, the
interaction between Indonesian and Javanese is used as a test case,
focusing on the phonetic realization of Javanese phonological
patterning on Indonesian.

To investigate these issues, I address three aspects of Indonesian
where differences might be predicted between the Indonesian of the
monolinguals as compared to that of the bilingual Indonesian/Javanese
speakers: (1) vowel tense/lax alternation, (2) voice quality of stops,
and (3) the syllabification of nasal + stop (NC) clusters. In
Javanese, high and mid vowels are impressionistically tense in final
CV syllables and lax in final CVC syllables; in Indonesian, mid vowels
are tense in final CVs and lax in final CVCs. Javanese stops are
either breathy or clear, while in Indonesian they are either voiced or
voiceless. Based on vowel tense/lax alternation in Javanese, governed
by syllable structure, root-medial NC clusters are tautosyllabic, and
in Indonesian, they are claimed to be heterosyllabic. If Indonesian
bears the influence of Javanese, we would see the realization of
Javanese patterning in the Indonesian of the bilinguals.

The acoustic results for two of the three linguistic variables
examined show support for the observation that the influence of
Javanese manifests itself in the Indonesian of the bilingual Javanese
speakers: the tense/lax alternation of high vowels and the
breathy/clear contrast of stops in Javanese are realized in the
Indonesian of the bilinguals. Additionally, these results highlight
the importance of parallel systematic phonological investigation and
instrumental phonetics, which together can shed light on the ways that
languages in contact influence each other through their sound systems.
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