LINGUIST List 15.2451

Fri Sep 3 2004

Qs: The Definition of Stress

Editor for this issue: Ann Sawyer <sawyerlinguistlist.org>


We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate. In addition to posting a summary, we'd like to remind people that it is usually a good idea to personally thank those individuals who have taken the trouble to respond to the query. To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at http://linguistlist.org/LL/posttolinguist.html.

Directory

  1. VC, The definition of stress

Message 1: The definition of stress

Date: Wed, 1 Sep 2004 21:52:32 +0300
From: VC <vadim_lvcenter-tv.net>
Subject: The definition of stress


Dear Listmembers,

I'm preparing a work on the Canaanean language, and became suspicious
that the folks had somewhat different understanding of stress than we
do now.

Perhaps you can advise me on the following questions:

What exactly is the definition of "stress"? I assumed it is an
elongation of the vowel, but I've seen other definitions, like
difference of pitch (which is ok for, say, umlaut, but I cannot figure
out what it has to do with stress) and even stress (yes, the tautology
"stress is a stressed vowel").

If, however, stress is an elongation, how could a short vowel be
stressed? Presumably, it should become long under the stress. However,
the short vowels in closed syllables seemingly do not become long when
stressed.

What becomes of long vowel under the stress? Although elongated, it
hardly becomes "extra long." What exactly is the difference between long
and stressed long vowels?

Why there is a tendency in languages to move the stress from closed to
open syllable?


I would appreciate any comments. Thank you in advance.


Sincerely,

Vadim Cherny
<vadim_lvcenter-tv.net>
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue