LINGUIST List 15.2627

Wed Sep 22 2004

Books: Lang Description/Typology, Hindi: Montaut

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        1.    Ulrich Lueders, A Grammar of Hindi: Montaut



Message 1: A Grammar of Hindi: Montaut

Date: 22-Sep-2004
From: Ulrich Lueders <lincom.europat-online.de>
Subject: A Grammar of Hindi: Montaut

Title: A Grammar of Hindi 
 Series Title: LINCOM Studies in Indo-European Linguistics 02  
 
 
 
 Publication Year: 2004 
 Publisher: Lincom GmbH
        http://www.lincom-europa.com
 
 Author: Annie Montaut, INALCO/CNRS
 
 Paperback: ISBN: INALCO/CNRS Pages: 332 Price: 72
 
 Abstract:
 
 Hindi, the official language of India, is an Indo-Aryan language
 widely spoken in North India between Punjab, Bengal and Maharashtra,
 with more than 400 million speakers in the world. The grammar is
 aimed at giving a functional description of the language in a
 typological perspective, using diachronical explanation as well as
 areal contact, whenever it provides a better understanding of
 synchronic facts. Modern Standard Hindi is a verb final language very 
 weakly flexional inherited from Sanskrit, a typically flexional
 language with relatively free word order.  
 
 The first section consists in a brief phonological outline, including 
 a description of the writing system and stress. 
 
 The second section deals with morphology, typical of head final
 languages (postpositions, postponed auxiliaries) with strong
 agglutinative tendancy (specially in the verb phrase) although a few
 remnants of casual flexions and a two gender opposition are still
 preserved. Parts of speech are clearly distinct although
 verbo-nominal compounds raise a number of problems in this respect.
 The development and grammaticalization of postposition or
 postpositive locutions, verb series, causative and factitive
 alternations, aspectual, aktionsart and modal auxiliaries are
 analysed, as well as derivational morphology, both prefixing and
 suffixing (although mainly productive in technical neology).
 Reduplication and synonymous pairs also form an important device in
 developing the lexicon.
 
 The analysis of the simple clause (third section) shows the high
 sensitivity of  morpho-syntactic structures to semantic roles
 (specific case marking for the main argument of subjective
 predicates, of possessive predicates) and to aspect (ergative marking 
 for agents of accomplished processes). The latter appears to form a
 paradigm with the other types of predications of localization,
 exhibiting clear analogies with the formation of Indo-European
 perfect in its early stages. Given the fact that such notions as
 subject and object fail to adequately account for a large number of
 elementary statements, the various types of clauses are better
 described within a frame of case-marking (taking into account
 semantic and discursive parameters) than of purely syntactical
 relations.
 
 The complex sentence (section four) shows the prevalence of the
 typically Indo-aryan system of correlation on subordination in the
 restricted meaning, as well as of non finite verbal forms, a
 typically Dravidian device. 
 
 The last section is devoted to a presentation, within a historical
 and typological frame, of the most representative features of the
 various dialects of Hindi, showing the continuity between Standard
 Hindi with its Western dialects and the Eastern dialects closer to
 Magadhean languages such as Bengali. 
 
 Linguistic Field(s): Historical Linguistics; Language Description; Typology 
 Subject Language(s): Hindi Language Code: HND 
 
 Written In: English                                                                                               
 (Language Code: ENG)
 
 See this book announcement on our website: 
 http://linguistlist.org/get-book.html?BookID=11576

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---------------------- Other Supporting Publishers ----------------------
Anthropological Linguistics http://www.indiana.edu/~anthling/
Arawak Publications
CSLI Publications http://csli-publications.stanford.edu/
Canadian Journal of Linguistics http://www.utpjournals.com/jour.ihtml?lp=cjl/cjl.html
Cascadilla Press http://www.cascadilla.com/
Graduate Linguistic Students' Assoc., Umass http://glsa.hypermart.net/
International Pragmatics Assoc. http://ipra-www.uia.ac.be/ipra/
Kingston Press Ltd http://www.kingstonpress.com/
Linguistic Assoc. of Finland http://www.ling.helsinki.fi/sky/
MIT Working Papers in Linguistics http://web.mit.edu/mitwpl/
Multilingual Matters http://www.multilingual-matters.com/
Pacific Linguistics http://pacling.anu.edu.au/
Palgrave Macmillan http://www.palgrave.com
Pearson Longman http://www.pearsoneduc.com/discipline.asp?d=LG
SIL International http://www.ethnologue.com/bookstore.asp
St. Jerome Publishing Ltd. http://www.stjerome.co.uk
Utrecht Institute of Linguistics http://www-uilots.let.uu.nl/

 




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