LINGUIST List 15.3600
Thu Dec 30 2004
Diss: Text/Corpus Ling: Belyanin: 'Psycholinguistic...'
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Psycholinguistic Typology of Literary Texts
Message 1: Psycholinguistic Typology of Literary Texts
From: Valery Belyanin <val.belianineutoronto.ca>
Subject: Psycholinguistic Typology of Literary Texts
Institution: Institute of Applied Psychology
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 1992
Author: Valery Belyanin
Dissertation Title: Psycholinguistic Typology of Literary Texts
Linguistic Field(s): Text/Corpus Linguistics
The work presents an original typology of literary texts based on their
emotional and semantic dominants. It solves the problem of verbal
structuring of accentuated consciousness in literary text. Created in the
paradigm of cognitive psycholinguistics and psychopoetics it introduces
new - psychiatric - approach to text.
The first chapter of the work describes some non-traditional methods of
analysis of literary text, including objective (L.Vygotsky) and subjective
psychological, psychoanalytic, europathological ones. Results of linguistic
analysis of the speech of accentuated and mentally ill persons in the frames
of psychiatric linguistics are drawn.
The second chapter is devoted to typological approach to fiction.The notion
of the dominant (A.Uhtomsky) of a text is introduced as emotional and
semantic dominant that is the basis of the author's concept of the text.
The third chapter describes psycholinguistic typology of literary texts based
on finding out their emotional and semantic dominant of accentuated type.
Thus, 'light' ('svetliye') texts being based on paranoia, depict an active
fight for justice of an honest and responsible person.
'Dark' texts, being based on epileptic consciousness, constitute the largest
part of literary texts in general. Their dominant is manifested in the
following frames of texts: a simple but aggressive hero is fighting against
clever and thus dangerous enemy.
'Sad' texts are singled out as based upon depression as a state of low
emotions, physical weakness and timidity of a person. The following
semantic components are typical for 'sad' texts: 'quiet', 'pleasant
smell', 'loss of money', 'death', stone', 'cold'. Psychologically antonymous to
the previous ones are 'merry' texts that are based upon maniac state of a
person who always has high spirits and enormous plans, is very talkative
and friendly. 'Merry' texts have the following semantic
components: 'together', 'friends', 'luck', 'gangsters', 'travelling', 'flight', 'a lot
of money', 'erudition', 'physical strength'.
'Beautiful' texts are based on histrionics as a type of demeanor
characterized by demonstrativeness, capriciousness, artistic behavior and
pseudology of an accentuated person. 'Beautiful' texts are full of such
symbols as 'color', 'appearance of a person', 'gestures', 'feelings and
emotions', 'humiliations and sufferings', 'relatives', 'comparison with an
animal'. On the basis of the elaborated theory of emotional and semantic
dominant a hypothesis about the popularity of best seller is introduced.
The fourth chapter is devoted to the receptive aspect of literary text, where
psycholinguistic peculiarities of text perception are reviewed and
bibliopsychological approach of N.Rubakin - his author-text-recipient
conception - is drawn.
The fifth chapter is devoted to the experimental study of text perception
with the use of 'Projective Literary Test' (800 testees). The results gained
could be used for solving the problem of identification of personality by his
speech, 'Projective Literary Test' can be used as a diagnostic instrument. A
computer-based system of content analysis PAT ('Psychiatric Analysis of
Text') is part of the expert system 'VAAL' designed for analyzing and
attributing texts. The results gained can be useful for philologists and
literary critics, psychologists, clinicists, psychotherapists and specialists in
mental lexicon and natural language processing.
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