LINGUIST List 15.669

Sun Feb 22 2004

Qs: Tagalog Recent Perfective

Editor for this issue: Naomi Fox <>

We'd like to remind readers that the responses to queries are usually best posted to the individual asking the question. That individual is then strongly encouraged to post a summary to the list. This policy was instituted to help control the huge volume of mail on LINGUIST; so we would appreciate your cooperating with it whenever it seems appropriate. In addition to posting a summary, we'd like to remind people that it is usually a good idea to personally thank those individuals who have taken the trouble to respond to the query. To post to LINGUIST, use our convenient web form at


  1. Raphael Mercado, aspect and agreement

Message 1: aspect and agreement

Date: Fri, 20 Feb 2004 02:09:10 -0500 (EST)
From: Raphael Mercado <>
Subject: aspect and agreement

ciao linguists!

i'm currently working on tagalog verbal morphology and i'm looking
specifically at the recent perfective morpheme. this morpheme is
peculiar because, unlike the other aspectual morphemes in the
language, the RP morpheme prevents agreement morphology from appearing
on the verb and prevents any of the DP arguments in the sentence from
being marked as subject. here are examples:

(1) Magluluto ang bata ng manok. sbj child cs chicken
 'The child will cook a chicken.'

(2) Lulutuin ng bata ang manok. cs child sbj chicken
 'The child will cook the chicken.'

(3) Kaluluto ng bata ng manok.
 buy.rec-prf cs child cs chicken
 'The child has just cooked a chicken.'
in (1) and (2), the verbs are in the contemplated aspect, while in
(3), the verb is inflected for the recent perfective. in (1),
agreement is marked by the mag- prefix (agent-topic) and 'bata' is
marked as subject (the 'ang' particle). in (2), agreement is marked
by the --in suffix (theme topic) and 'manok' is marked as subject.
in (3), there is no agreement morphology--the recent perfective is
marked by ka + reduplication--and none of the DPs in the sentence is
marked with the 'ang' subject particle. both are marked with default

now, i would like to know if anyone can suggest any literature in
which it has been proposed that verbs can agree with the aspect in the
sentence. in other words, the morphology on the verb does not mark
agreement with any DP in the sentence but marks agreement with the
aspect. (the aspectual morpheme and the 'aspectual agreement'
morpheme are different morphemes).

i would also be grateful to anyone who can point me to literature that
talks about the recent perfective morpheme in tagalog and related
languages and/or that discusses other phenomena in other languages in
which the appearance of a particular aspectual morpheme blocks
verb-subject agreement.

i am willing to post a summary for those interested.

thanks in advance!

raphael mercado
PhD candidate
mcgill university
montreal, canada
Mail to author|Respond to list|Read more issues|LINGUIST home page|Top of issue