LINGUIST List 16.2598|
Sat Sep 10 2005
Diss: Phonology/Lang Description: Berthiaume: 'A ...'
Editor for this issue: Takako Matsui
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A Phonologica Grammar of Northern Pame
Message 1: A Phonologica Grammar of Northern Pame
From: Scott Berthiaume <scott-tonia_berthiaumesil.org>
Subject: A Phonologica Grammar of Northern Pame
Institution: University of Texas at Arlington
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2004
Author: Scott Berthiaume
Dissertation Title: A Phonologica Grammar of Northern Pame
Subject Language(s): Pame, Northern (pmq)
David James Silva
This dissertation describes the phonology and morphology of Northern Pame,
an Otomanguean language of Central Mexico. Furthermore, it explains the
grammatical relationship of these domains from an Optimality Theoretic
In terms of description, Northern Pame has a complex phonological inventory
of 40 consonants, which distinguish among glottalized, aspirated, voiceless
and voiced segments, as well as 6 vowels, which contrast for nasalization.
In addition, a claim is made for two Northern Pame tones, in contrast to
earlier suggestions of a three-tone system (Avelino 1997). Regarding
Otomanguean laryngeally complex vowels (Silverman 1997b, Herrera 2000),
this research provides phonological, as well as laryngealscopic evidence
for the segmental, rather than a unit, interpretation in Northern Pame.
Northern Pame allows for complex syllable margins, but these are severely
constrained by the OCP. Syllable complex nuclei are completely forbidden,
and epenthesis (*DEP) is the common strategy to resolve potential nuclei
Northern Pame is morphologically complex, marking nouns for class,
possession, number including dual and plural, and association. Verbs fall
into two classes, each of which is sub-divided based on transitivity. Verbs
and nouns share the same suffix morphology for number. Northern Pame
morphophonemics encompass processes that affect place or precedence
(metathesis, palatalization), laryngealization and syllable
well-formedness. Under such underlying circumstances, the constraints
UNIFORMITY-IO and LINEARITY-IO are the common minimal violations.
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