LINGUIST List 16.3120|
Fri Oct 28 2005
Diss: Morphology/Semantics: Jackson: 'Resultatives, D..'
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Resultatives, Derived Statives, and Lexical Semantic Structure
Message 1: Resultatives, Derived Statives, and Lexical Semantic Structure
From: Eric Jackson <euangeleoyahoo.com>
Subject: Resultatives, Derived Statives, and Lexical Semantic Structure
Institution: University of California, Los Angeles
Program: Department of Linguistics
Dissertation Status: Completed
Degree Date: 2005
Author: Eric M. Jackson
Dissertation Title: Resultatives, Derived Statives, and Lexical Semantic Structure
Subject Language(s): Tohono O'odham (ood)
The hypothesis that the meanings of words in natural language have
structure has been debated among linguists for over three decades. This
dissertation examines two resultative suffixes in Pima (Tepiman, Southern
Uto-Aztecan), referred to as the passive resultative and the possessive
resultative, whose properties are relevant for this debate. The
interpretations which these two resultatives receive support one type of
structure within the meanings of certain verbs.
The passive resultative suffix -s is canonically interpreted as a
resultative proper; verbs with this suffix typically express the condition
which results from an event of the type denoted by the unsuffixed verb.
Certain verbs with this suffix, however, receive a derived stative
interpretation, where the condition which they express need not be the
result of any event at all. Other verbs with this suffix receive a perfect
interpretation; their meaning is solely that an event of some type has
occurred. Resultative-suffixed verbs with these interpretations all lack
as an argument the agent which occurs as subject of the base verb. Where
the base does not take an agent, however, the suffixed form receives one of
three other interpretations and the argument structure of base and
resultative appears identical. The possessive resultative suffix -kc, in
contrast, has a more restricted distribution; verbs with this suffix
receive either a resultative or derived stative interpretation, where the
subject of the suffixed verb is responsible for maintaining this condition.
While several analyses of the Pima resultatives are considered here, the
most economical analysis of the distribution of interpretations which Pima
resultatives receive involves monotonically adding semantic components in
order to build the meaning of both eventive verbs and resultatives. This
analyis is presented within the framework of Distributed Morphology, where
the semantic components of these verbs are associated with a number of
abstract syntactic elements. Since these resultatives are temporally
stative, an introductory chapter explores what temporal stativity is and
what it indicates about a predicate; another introductory chapter discusses
published analyses of resultatives in Chichewa and German, which show
several quite different ways that a morphologically and semantically
derived predicate may be given this property.
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