Author: Line Mikkelsen, University of California, Berkeley
Hardback: ISBN: 9027228094 Pages: viii, 210 Price: U.S. $ 126.00
Hardback: ISBN: 9027228094 Pages: viii, 210 Price: Europe EURO 105.00
This book is concerned with a class of copular clauses known as specificational clauses, and its relation to other kinds of copular structures, predicational and equative clauses in particular. Based on evidence from Danish and English, I argue that specificational clauses involve the same core predication structure as predicational clauses - one which combines a referential and a predicative expression to form a minimal predicational unit - but differ in how the predicational core is realized syntactically. Predicational copular clauses represent the canonical realization, where the referential expression is aligned with the most prominent syntactic position, the subject position. Specificational clauses involve an unusual alignment of the predicative expression with subject position. I suggest that this unusual alignment is grounded in information structure: the alignment of the less referential DP with the subject position serves a discourse connective function by letting material that is relatively familiar in the discourse appear before material that is relatively unfamiliar in the discourse. Equative clauses are argued to be fundamentally different.
Table of contents
Acknowledgements vii 1. Introduction 1-3 I. Structure 4 2. Predicate topicalization 6-40 3. Alternative structures for specificational clauses 41-45 II. Meaning 46 4. Decomposing copular clauses 48-63 5. Determining the subject type 64-93 6. The type of the predicate complement 94-107 7. Consequences and extensions 108-130 III. Use 131 8. Aspects of use 133-161 9. An intergrated analysis 162-190 10.Conclusion 191-194 References 195-204 Index 205-210
"This is a beautiful piece of work, one that I have had much pleasure reading and discussing with students and colleagues. Mikkelsen's account of copular clauses is simply elegant. She is so thorough in her treatment of these copular constructions that in our discussion of her analysis in a recent MIT seminar there wasn't any comment that wasn't already anticipated in her own caveats and footnotes." Michel DeGraff, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT