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LINGUIST List 16.3447

Fri Dec 02 2005

Qs: Perception Verbs; Onset Voicing Neutralization

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        1.    J-C Khalifa, Perception Verbs
        2.    Nina Topintzi, Onset Voicing Neutralization in Stressed Syllables

Message 1: Perception Verbs
Date: 01-Dec-2005
From: J-C Khalifa <jckricky.iutgeap.univ-poitiers.fr>
Subject: Perception Verbs

Hi everyone, I'm back to work on an unfinished (and long overdue) paper on
perception verbs, I just had a couple of questions, one for native speakers
of Finnish, one for everyone around who might be willing to help.
I was reading the other day, in Ackerman & Moore's Proto-properties &
Grammatical Encoding about the well-documented 'causatives of feeling' in
Finnish, e.g. :

Minua aivastutta, lit. I (Partitive) - sneeze (Caus-3SG)

Those constructions, with a causative morphology on a syntactically
inergative verb, are usually glossed as "X feels / wants to / has an urge

Now, I was just wondering whether, in the closely related domain of
perception verbs, Finnish or any other language might code the SEE / WATCH
(LOOK AT) or HEAR / LISTEN alternations in a similar or related way, i.e.
with causative morphology on the first member of the pair ? I know, of
course, that we're no longer talking about one-slot verbs there, we might
need some sort of reflexive or middle morphology on top of that, something
like X SEE-Caus + himself, with a gloss like "X makes himself see / hear",

Is anyone aware of any language that might approach this template ?

Thanks in advance, will of course post a summary if answers open up new

Jean-Charles Khalifa
University of Poitiers, France

Linguistic Field(s): Morphology

Message 2: Onset Voicing Neutralization in Stressed Syllables
Date: 01-Dec-2005
From: Nina Topintzi <i.topintziucl.ac.uk>
Subject: Onset Voicing Neutralization in Stressed Syllables

I am interested in knowing whether there is any language where the (ideally
phonemic) contrast between voiced and voiceless stops is neutralized in
favour of the voiceless variant in onsets of stressed positions. That is,
one should find both voiced and voiceless stops in onsets of unstressed
positions, but only the voiceless ones in onsets of stressed positions.

In case you know of any such language, could you also tell me:
- whether fricatives (if any) pattern the same way
- what happens with respect to voicing in codas of stressed and unstressed
- do sonorants show any different behaviour depending on whether they are
onsets of stressed or unstressed syllables

While any relevant answer would be most welcome, it would be better if
stress in that language is not systematically assigned on the first syllable.

Any suggestion on relevant languages or references will be appreciated.

If I receive enough replies, I will post a summary.

Thank you.

Nina Topintzi
Dept. of Phonetics and Linguistics
University College London

Linguistic Field(s): Phonology

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